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<h6>发布旉™—´åQ?018-07-12</h6> <div class="container2" id="zoom"><p><p class="MsoNormal"> <span>¾læµŽä½œç‰©æ–½ç”¨ç”Ÿç‰©<a href="/yjf/" target="_blank">有机è‚?/a></span>40<span>ä¾?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 1.<span>桃树如何施用<a href="/swyjf/" target="_blank">生物有机è‚?/a></span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>桃树的根¾p»è¾ƒ‹¹…,吸收根主要分布在</span>10--30<span>秒拍真空小视频厘米åQŒä½†æ ¹ç³»è¾ƒå‘达,侧根和须根较多,吸收å…Õdˆ†çš„能力较强。桃树施肥应适当深施åQŒæˆ–深施与浅施相¾l“合。桃树的施肥时期有:åŸø™‚¥ã€ä¿ƒèŠÞp‚¥ã€åæžœè‚¥ã€æžœå®žè†¨å¤§è‚¥ã€‚桃树的肥料施用量应æ ÒŽ®åœŸå£¤çš„肥力、树龄、品¿Uã€äñ”量、气候因素等灉|´»¼‹®å®šã€‚土壤肥力低、树龄高、äñ”量高的果园,施肥量要高一些;土壤肥力较高、树龄小、äñ”量低的果园施肥量适当降低ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>åŸø™‚¥åQšæžœå®žé‡‡æ‘˜åŽ</span>——落叶前<span>1</span><span>个月左右施入。株施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>5--8</span><span>公斤。施肥时不要靠树体太˜q‘,施肥旉™€‚当与土壤æ؜合。树势较好的ž®‘æ–½åQŒæ ‘势差的多施ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>˜q½è‚¥åQšæ¬¡æ˜¯æ—©æ˜¥åŽå¼€èŠ±å‰çš„促èŠÞp‚¥åQŒæ ªæ–½ç”¨ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span>2--3<span>公斤åQŒé…æ–½å°¿ç´?/span><span>100</span><span>秒拍真空小视频克。若长势较强åQŒæ²¡æœ‰ç¼ºè‚¥çŽ°è±¡ï¼Œåˆ™ä¿ƒèŠÞp‚¥å¯ä¸æ–½æˆ–ž®‘æ–½ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>½W¬äºŒ‹Æ¡æ˜¯å¼€èŠ×ƒ¹‹åŽè‡³æžœå®žæ ¸ç¡¬åŒ–前之间的坐果肥åQŒæ ªæ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span>3--5<span>公斤åQŒé…æ–½å°¿ç´?/span><span>150</span><span>克,提高坐果率、改善树体营充R€ä¿ƒ˜q›æžœå®žå‰æœŸçš„快速生é•Ñ€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>½W¬ä¸‰‹Æ¡æ˜¯æžœå®žè†¨å¤§è‚¥ï¼Œæ ªæ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span>3--5<span>公斤åQŒé…æ–½å°¿ç´?/span><span>200</span><span>秒拍真空小视频克,促进果实的快速生长和促进èŠÞpŠ½åˆ†åŒ–åQŒäؓ来年生äñ”打好基础å…ähœ‰é‡è¦æ„ä¹‰ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 2.<span>è‹ÒŽžœã€æ¢¨å¦‚何施用生物有机è‚?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> è‹ÒŽžœå’Œæ¢¨æ˜¯æˆ‘国北方地区的主要水果åQŒå› å…¶äñ”量高åQŒéœ€è¦åŠæ—¶è¡¥å……生长所需的营å…ȝ‰©è´¨ï¼Œæ‰èƒ½ä¿è¯äº§é‡åQŒæé«˜å“è´¨ã€?</p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> è‹ÒŽžœæ ‘的施肥应以åŸø™‚¥ä¸ÞZ¸»ã€‚çš„åŸø™‚¥æ–½ç”¨æ—‰™—´ä¸ºç§‹å­£ï¼Œæ—©ç†Ÿçš„品¿Uåœ¨æžœå®žé‡‡æ”¶åŽè¿›è¡Œï¼›ä¸­æ™šç†Ÿçš„品种可在果实采收前进行。秋季是è‹ÒŽžœæ ‘的根系快速生长期åQŒæ–½è‚¥åŽçš„断根容易伤口愈合,òq¶ä¸”起到一定的根系修剪作用åQŒä¿ƒ˜q›æ–°æ ¹çš„萌发åQŒæœ‰åˆ©äºŽå…Õdˆ†çš„吸收积累。一般情况下åQŒå¹¼é¾„树株施生物有机è‚?/span>2--3<span>公斤åQŒæˆòq´æžœæ ‘æ ªæ–?/span><span>5--8</span><span>公斤。追肥的施用旉™—´å› æ ‘势的不同有一定的差异åQŒä¸€èˆ¬åœ¨èŒèŠ½å‰ã€èŠ±æœŸã€æžœå®žè†¨å¤§æœŸ˜q›è¡Œã€‚施肥方法以树的大小而定åQŒæ ‘体较ž®æ—¶é‡‡ç”¨çŽ¯çŠ¶æ–½è‚¥åQŒæ–½è‚¥çš„位置以树冠的外围</span><span>0.5--1.5</span><span>¾c³äؓ宜,开å®?/span><span>20--40</span><span>厘米、深</span><span>20--30</span><span>厘米的沟åQŒæ ªæ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>1--2</span><span>公斤åQŒå°†è‚¥æ–™ä¸ŽåœŸå£¤é€‚度混合后施入沟内,再将沟填òqŸë€‚成òq´æžœæ ‘采用全园施肥,亩施生物有机è‚?/span><span>100</span><span>秒拍真空小视频公斤åQŒç»“合中耕将肥料¾˜Õd…¥åœŸä¸­ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 短枝型苹果树åQŒå¤šä¸ºå¯†æ¤ï¼Œæ—©æžœæ€§ã€ä¸°äº§æ€§è¾ƒå¥½ï¼Œå…‰™œ€è‚¥é‡è¾ƒæ™®é€šåž‹ä¸ºå¤šã€‚一般幼龄树òq´äº©æ–½ç”¨ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span>200--300<span>公斤作基肥,成年短枝型苹果树òq´äº©æ–½ç”¨ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>400--500</span><span>公斤。重施秋季基肥,及时于花前、果实膨大期、花芽分化期˜q›è¡Œ˜q½è‚¥ã€‚短枝型è‹ÒŽžœæ ‘施肥采用沟施的æ–ÒŽ³•åQŒæ¯‹Æ¡æ–½ç”¨é‡ä¸å®œ˜q‡å¤§åQŒåœ¨æ–½ç”¨é‡è¾ƒå¤§æ—¶åº”全园撒施、适度æ·Þq¿»é˜²æ­¢è‚¥å®³ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 梨树施肥旉™—´å’Œæ–¹æ³•ä¸Žè‹ÒŽžœåŸºæœ¬ä¸€è‡´ã€‚基肥在¿U‹å­£æ–½å…¥åQŒè¿½è‚¥åœ¨èŒèŠ½å‰ã€èŠ±æœŸã€æžœå®žè†¨å¤§æœŸ˜q›è¡Œã€?/span>1--2<span>òq´ç”Ÿòq¼æ ‘åQŒåŸºè‚¥äº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>200--300</span><span>公斤åQŒåŒæ—Óž¼Œæ ªæ ‘加施</span><span>0.5--1</span><span>公斤三元复æ؜肥,˜q½è‚¥æ ªæ¯‹Æ¡æ–½å…¥ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>2--3</span><span>公斤。成òq´æ ‘åŸø™‚¥ä¸€èˆ¬äº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>300--500</span><span>公斤åQŒæ ªåŠ æ–½</span><span>1--1.5</span><span>公斤三元复æ؜肥,˜q½è‚¥æ ªæ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>3--5</span><span>秒拍真空小视频公斤åQŒæ¡çŠ¶æ²Ÿæ–½æˆ–攑ְ„状沟施ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 3.<span>葡萄如何施用生物有机è‚?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>提倡配æ–ÒŽ–½è‚¥ã€åã^衡施肥,防止偏施氮肥。葡萄前期需氮肥较多åQŒåŽæœŸéœ€¼‚·é’¾è‚¥å¤šã€‚葡萄施用有æœø™‚¥è¦å……分腐熟,有机肥中˜q˜å¯æŽºå…¥åŒ–学肥料</span>(<span>应选硝酔R“µã€å°¿ç´ ã€ç¡é…”R’¾ã€è¿‡¼‚·é…¸é’™ç­‰</span><span>)</span><span>åQŒç”Ÿç‰©è‚¥æ–?/span><span>(</span><span>固æÛ菌肥、增产菌肥、生物钾肥和é…늴 èŒè‚¥½{?/span><span>)</span><span>既可作基肥,又可作追肥和叶肥。基肥施用期ä¸ø™‘¡è„采收后到落叶前。地面追肥多在萌芽前、开花前、坐果后、成熟前和采收后½{‰å‡ ä¸ªå…³é”®æ—¶æœŸã€?/span><span>                     </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>åŸø™‚¥åQšæžœå®žé‡‡æ”¶åŽè‡Ïx–°æ¢¢å……分成熟的</span>9<span>月底</span><span>10</span><span>月初˜q›è¡Œã€‚基肥以生物有机肥äؓ主,亩施生物有机è‚?/span><span>350--450</span><span>公斤åQŒæ؜加过¼‚·é…¸é’?/span><span>50</span><span>公斤åQŒé‡‡ç”¨æ²¿è‘¡è„树行在一边开沟施入,注意不可¼›ÀL ‘˜q‡è¿‘åQŒä»¥å…ä¼¤æ ¹è¿‡é‡åª„响葡萄的长势ã€?/span><span>          </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>˜q½è‚¥åQšä¸€èˆ¬åœ¨èŠ±å‰</span>10<span>天追施,株施生物有机è‚?/span><span>3--5</span><span>公斤åQŒé…æ–?/span><span>100</span><span>克尿素,沟施或穴施ã€?/span><span>7</span><span>月初½W¬äºŒ‹Æ¡è¿½è‚¥ï¼Œæ ªæ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>2--3</span><span>公斤åQŒé…æ–½ç¡«é…”R’¾</span><span>100</span><span>克。根外追肥:å¯ÒŽé«˜äñ”量和质量有显著效果,而且æ–ÒŽ³•½Ž€ä¾Ñ€‚花前、幼果期和浆果成熟期å–?/span><span>1-3%</span><span>的过¼‚·é…¸é’™æº¶æ¶ÔŒ¼Œèƒ½å¢žåŠ äñ”量和提高品质åQ›èŠ±å‰å–·</span><span>0.05--0.1%</span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 4.<span>猕猴桃如何施用生物有æœø™‚¥</span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 猕猴桃äؓ‹¹†æžœ¾c»è—¤æœ¬æžœæ ‘,是一¿Uè¥å…ÖM­h值很高的新兴水果。其果实食用价值和药用价值均很高åQŒè¿‘几年栽培面积逐年扩大。猕猴桃生长旺盛åQŒæžå¶ç¹èŒ‚,¾l“果多而早åQŒæ¯òq´è¦æ¶ˆè€—大量的å…Õdˆ†åQŒéœ€è¦åœŸå£¤åŠæ—¶è¡¥å……有效养分以满èƒö其生长发育需求ã€?</p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>åŸø™‚¥åQšæ–½è‚¥æ—¶æœŸä¸€èˆ¬äؓ</span>10--11<span>月。采果后叶片内失åŽÕd¤§é‡è¥å…»ï¼ŒåŠæ—¶è¡¥å……å…Õdˆ†åQŒæœ‰åˆ©äºŽæé«˜æ ‘体中贮藏营å…ÀL°´òq»I¼Œä¿ƒè¿›è½å¶å‰åŽå’Œç¿Œòq´å¼€èŠ±å‰ä¸€ŒD‰|—¶é—´çš„èŠÞpŠ½åˆ†åŒ–。幼树株施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>5--8</span><span>公斤åQ›æˆòq´æ ‘˜q›å…¥ç››æžœæœŸï¼Œæ ªæ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>8--12</span><span>公斤ã€?/span><span>                             </span><span>˜q½è‚¥åQšæ ¹æ®çŒ•çŒ´æ¡ƒæ ¹ç³»ç”Ÿé•¿ç‰¹ç‚¹å’Œåœ°ä¸Šéƒ¨ç”Ÿé•¿ç‰©å€™æœŸåŠæ—¶˜q½è‚¥åQŒå¹¼æ ‘追肥采用少量多‹Æ¡çš„æ–ÒŽ³•åQŒä¸€èˆ¬ä»ŽèŒèŠ½å‰åŽå¼€å§‹åˆ°</span><span>7</span><span>月䆾åQŒæ¯æœˆæ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>1</span><span>公斤åQ›ç››æžœæœŸæ ‘一般分三次˜q½è‚¥ã€‚次是早春催芽肥。在</span><span>2--3</span><span>月萌芽前后施入,株施生物有机è‚?/span><span>3--5</span><span>公斤åQŒä¿ƒ˜q›è…‹èŠ½èŒå‘和枝叶生长åQŒæé«˜åæžœçŽ‡ã€‚第二次是花后促果肥。落花后</span><span>30-40</span><span>天是猕猴桃果实迅速膨大时期,¾~ø™‚¥ä¼šä‹É猕猴桃膨大受阅R€‚促果肥宜在落花å?/span><span>20-30</span><span>天施入,株施生物有机è‚?/span><span>2</span><span>â€?/span><span>3</span><span>公斤。盛夏壮果肥åQšäؓ使果实内部充实,增加单果重和提高品质åQŒåœ¨</span><span>6-7</span><span>月䆾˜q½æ–½ä¸€‹Æ¡ç£·ã€é’¾è‚¥ã€‚也可选用</span><span>0.5%</span><span>¼‚·é…¸äºŒæ°¢é’¾ã€?/span><span>0.3%-0.5%</span><span>ž®¿ç´ æ¶²åŠ</span><span>0.5%</span><span>¼‹é…¸é’™å¶é¢å–·æ–½ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 5.<span>樱桃如何施用生物有机è‚?/span><span>      </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal">  <span>樱桃的果实发育期较短åQŒå…¶¾l“果树一般只有春梢一‹Æ¡ç”Ÿé•¿ï¼Œä¸”春梢的生长与果实的发育基本同步。樱桃的枝叶生长、开èŠÞq»“实都集中在生长季的前半期åQŒè€ŒèŠ±èŠ½åˆ†åŒ–也多在采果后的较短的时间内完成。冬前、花期及采收后是樱桃施肥的三个重要时期。樱桃不同树龄和不同时期对肥料的要求不同åQ?/span><span>3</span><span>òq´ç”Ÿä»¥ä¸‹çš„å¹¼½Ešæ ‘åQŒæ ‘体处于扩冠期åQŒè¥å…ȝ”Ÿé•¿æ—ºç››ï¼Œ˜q™ä¸ªæ—¶æœŸå¯ÒŽÛ需要量多,应以氮肥ä¸ÞZ¸»åQŒè¾…助适量的磷肥,促进树冠的åŞ成ã€?/span><span>3--6</span><span>òq´ç”Ÿå’ŒåˆæžœæœŸòq¼æ ‘åQŒæ ‘体由营养生长转入生殖生长åQŒä¿ƒ˜q›èŠ±èŠ½åˆ†åŒ–。在施肥上要注意控æÛ、增¼‚—÷€è¡¥é’¾ã€?/span><span>7</span><span>òq´ç”Ÿä»¥ä¸Šæ ‘进入盛果期åQŒæ ‘体消耗营养较多,每年施肥量增加,氮、磷、钾都需要,但在果实生长阶段要补充钾肥,可提高果实的产量与品质ã€?</span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>¿U‹æ–½åŸø™‚¥åQšä¸€èˆ¬åœ¨</span>9--11<span>月间˜q›è¡ŒåQŒä»¥æ—©æ–½ä¸ºå¥½åQŒå°½æ—©å‘挥肥效,有利于树体贮藏养分的¿U¯ç¯ã€‚一般株施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>2--3</span><span>公斤åQŒç»“果大树株施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>5--8</span><span>公斤。樱桃开花坐果期间对营养条äšg有较多的要求ã€?/span><span>                                                                                           </span><span>盛花期追肥:对盛果期大树可追施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>3--5</span><span>公斤åQŒå¤åˆè‚¥</span><span>1--2</span><span>公斤促进开花和展叶åQŒæé«˜åæžœçŽ‡åQŒåŠ é€Ÿæžœå®žçš„增长。若采取根外å–äh–½çš„方法,˜q…速补充樱桃所需的养分。一般相éš?/span><span>10</span><span>天连å–?/span><span>2</span><span>‹Æ?/span><span>0.5</span><span>ž®¿ç´ æ¶²æˆ–</span><span>600</span><span>倍磷é…怺Œæ°¢é’¾æ¶ÔŒ¼Œå¢žäñ”显著。樱桃采果后</span><span>10</span><span>天左叻I¼Œå›_¼€å§‹å¤§é‡åˆ†åŒ–花芽,此时正是新梢接近停止生长时期。整个花芽分化期¾U?/span><span>40--45</span><span>天ã€?/span><span>                                                  </span><span>采收后应施肥åQšæ ªæ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>5--8</span><span>公斤åQŒé…æ–½å¤åˆè‚¥</span><span>2</span><span>秒拍真空小视频公斤ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 樱桃的须根发达,在土壤中分布层浅、水òq³äŽ×展范围很òq¿ï¼Œé›†ä¸­åˆ†å¸ƒåœ¨åœ°è¡¨ä¸‹</span>5--35<span>厘米的土层中åQŒä»¥</span><span>20--25</span><span>厘米土层为多。一般果树基肥在树盘外部挖大½I´ã€å¼€æ”‘Ö°„状或弧状深沟的施用方法,会造成大量伤根。对¾l“果树,在初冬将生物有机肥撒施到树盘上,刨树盘,æ·?/span><span>5--7</span><span>秒拍真空小视频厘米åQŒæ•´òq›_Žç«‹å³‹¹‡æ°´åQŒæµ‡æ°´åŽåˆ’锄保墒或盖草、覆膜。追肥,往树盘中撒施,òq¶ç«‹åŒ™½»è½Õdˆ’锄,使肥土æ؜匀åQŒç„¶åŽæµ‡æ°´ã€‚树盘覆草时åQŒå¯ç›´æŽ¥æ’’施在草上,以水冲下åQŒæˆ–扒开覆草的一角,撒在土表åQŒæµ‡æ°´å†²ä¸‹ï¼Œå†å°†è‰è¦†ä¸Šã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 6.<span>秒拍真空小视频枇杷正确使用生物有机è‚?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>枇杷ä¸ÞZºšçƒ­å¸¦å¸¸ç»¿æžœæ ‘åQŒè€å¯’性比柑桔强,凡年òq›_‡æ¸©åº¦åœ?/span>12<span>â„?/span><span>--15</span><span>℃以ä¸?/span><span>,</span><span>冬季不低äº?/span><span>-6</span><span>â„?/span><span>,</span><span>òq´é™é›¨é‡</span><span>1000</span><span>毫米以上的地区均可种植枇杗÷€‚枇杷叶茂花¾Jï¼Œéœ€è‚¥æ¯”落叶果树多。施肥时间必™åȝ»“合枝梢和根系生长而确定。枇æïLš„枝梢一òq´æœ‰</span><span>4</span><span>‹Æ¡æŠ½æ¢¢é«˜å³ŽÍ¼Œä¸»è¦ä¸ºæ˜¥æ¢?/span><span>(2--4</span><span>æœ?/span><span>)</span><span>、夏梢(</span><span>5--6</span><span>月)、秋梢(</span><span>8--9</span><span>月)、冬梢(</span><span>11--12</span><span>月)åQŒä»¥æ˜¥ã€å¤ã€ç§‹æ¢¢äؓ丅R€‚枇æïLš„根系‹zÕdŠ¨ä¸Žåœ°ä¸Šéƒ¨æžæ¢¢ç”Ÿé•¿æœ‰æ˜Žæ˜„¡š„交替现象åQŒä¸€èˆ¬æ ¹¾pÀL¯”枝梢生长æ—?/span><span>2</span><span>秒拍真空小视频周左叟ë€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> òq¼å¹´æ ‘施肥采用薄施勤施的原则。从栽植成活臌™ŒèŠ½æ—¶æ–½æ¬¡è‚¥ï¼Œäº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span>20<span>公斤。以后每月施è‚?/span><span>1</span><span>‹Æ¡ï¼Œè‡?/span><span>10</span><span>月䆾止。第二年äº?/span><span>2</span><span>ã€?/span><span>4</span><span>ã€?/span><span>6</span><span>ã€?/span><span>8</span><span>ã€?/span><span>10</span><span>月各施肥</span><span>1</span><span>‹Æ¡ï¼Œæ¯æ¬¡äº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>40</span><span>公斤ã€?</span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>¾l“合根系与枝梢生长特点,成年果园åQŒä¸€èˆ¬æ¯òq´æ–½ä¸‰æ¬¡è‚¥å³å¯ã€‚次施春梢肥åQ?/span>2<span>月上中旬施用åQŒä¸»è¦ä½œç”¨ä¿ƒå‘春梢和增大果实。春梢能成äؓ当年的结果枝和夏¿U‹æ¢¢çš„基枝,此次施肥比较重要。亩施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>50</span><span>公斤åQŒé…æ–½å°¿ç´?/span><span>10</span><span>公斤åQŒè¿‡¼‚·é…¸é’?/span><span>5</span><span>公斤åQŒç¡«é…”R’¾</span><span>15</span><span>公斤。第二次施夏梢肥åQŒåœ¨</span><span>5</span><span>月中旬至</span><span>6</span><span>月上旬采果后施用åQˆæ™šç†Ÿå“¿Ué‡‡æžœå‰æ–½ï¼‰ã€‚主要促发夏梢,òq¶ä¿ƒ˜q?/span><span>7--8</span><span>月的èŠÞpŠ½åˆ†åŒ–。夏梢抽生多而整齐,当年多能形成¾l“果母枝åQŒä¿ƒå‘夏梢是保证òq´å¹´ä¸îCñ”的主要措施,因而,此次施肥量很大。一般亩施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>200</span><span>公斤åQŒé…æ–½å°¿ç´?/span><span>50</span><span>公斤åQŒè¿‡¼‚·é…¸é’?/span><span>20</span><span>公斤。第三次施秋肥或花前肥,åœ?/span><span>9</span><span>æœ?/span><span>--10</span><span>月上旬,抽穗后开花前施用åQŒä¸»è¦ä¿ƒ˜q›å¼€èŠÞp‰¯å¥½ï¼Œæé«˜åº§æžœå’Œå¢žåŠ é˜²å¯’越冬能力。亩施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>80</span><span>公斤ã€?</span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 枇杷喜透性良好的土壤åQŒæ ¹¾pÖM¸åŠå…¶å®ƒæžœæ ‘旺盛,新根萌发力强åQŒæ‰€ä»¥ï¼Œæ–½è‚¥æ—¶è¦æ³¨æ„ä¸ä‹É肥分‹¹å¤±åQŒåˆèƒ½ä‹É枇杷的根部及时吸收。一般采用穴施或沟施的方法。穴施是在离ä¸Õd¹²</span>1.5<span>¾c›_·¦å³çš„四方或三方,开æŒ?/span><span>3-4</span><span>个洞½Iß_¼Œæ·?/span><span>60-80</span><span>厘米。每‹Æ¡æ–½æ¶²è‚¥æ—Óž¼ŒçŒå…¥‹zžç©´å†…,覆土‹¹‡æ°´åQŒè®©è‚¥æ–™æ…¢æ…¢æ¸—入土中。也可以采用环状沟施或放ž®„状沟施的方法ã€?/span><span>    </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 7.<span>柚树如何使用生物有机è‚?/span><span>                                   </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>柚树属高大乔木,æ ÒŽ·±å¶èŒ‚åQŒç§æ¤è¦æ±‚土层较深厚。质地疏松,排水透气性能良好åQŒæœ‰æœø™´¨åœ?/span>2%<span>以上åQ?/span><span>PH</span><span>值在</span><span>6--6.5</span><span>之间åQŒåœŸå±‚æ·±åº?/span><span>1</span><span>秒拍真空小视频¾c³ä»¥ä¸Šçš„壤土和冲¿U¯åœŸä¸ºã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   <span>定植</span><span>1--3</span><span>òq´å†…的柚树,在春梢、夏梢、秋梢萌发抽梢前åQŒæ ªæ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>1--3</span><span>公斤åQŒç»“合施肥进行灌水。投产前一òqß_¼ˆ½W¬ä¸‰òq´ç§‹å­£ï¼‰åœ¨æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚¥çš„基础上,株配施一定量的磷、钾肥,有利于花芽分化ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   <span>¾l“果柚树一òq´å››‹Æ¡æ–½è‚¥ã€‚次是春季抽梢开èŠÞp‚¥åQŒæ ªæ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>3--5</span><span>公斤åQŒä¿ƒ˜q›æ˜¥æ¢¢æŠ½å‘健壮,为当òq´å¼€èŠÞq»“果提供养分,又äؓ下年形成健壮的春梢结果母枝打下基¼‹€åQŒå…‹æœå¤§ã€å°òqß_¼Œè¾‘Öˆ°ä¸îCñ”½E³äñ”。第二次是夏季稳果保果肥åQŒæ ªæ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>1--2</span><span>公斤。此时正值夏梢抽发,又遇òq¼æžœç”Ÿé•¿æœŸï¼Œé¿å…æ–½è‚¥åŽå¯¼è‡´å¤æ¢¢å¤§é‡æŠ½å‘,而引起大量幼果落果。也可采取根外追肥的æ–ÒŽ³•åQŒè¿ž¾l­å–·æ–?/span><span>2--3</span><span>‹Æ?/span><span>0.2--0.3</span><span>公斤¼‚·é…¸äºŒæ°¢é’‘ÖŠ </span><span>0.3--0.5</span><span>公斤的尿素稀释液。第三次是秋季壮果肥åQŒæ ªæ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>8--10</span><span>公斤åQŒæ»¡­‘Ïxžœå®žç”Ÿé•¿å’ŒæŠ½æ¢¢çš„养料需要。第四次是冬季采果肥åQŒç»“果柚树采果前后株施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>4--6</span><span>公斤åQŒè¡¥å……柚树开花、结果、抽梢消耗的大量å…ÀL–™åQŒä¿ƒ˜q›èŠ±èŠ½å¼€å§‹åˆ†åŒ–,保证下年产量ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   <span>柚树施肥应在树冠滴水¾U‰K™„˜q‘挖</span><span>30--33</span><span>厘米æ·Þqš„槽或环状、放ž®„åŞ的坑åQŒå°†ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚¥ä¸ŽåœŸå£¤æ··åˆåŽæ–½å…¥å‘内,再浇水后盖土åQŒä»¥é¿å…è‚¥æ–™æŒ¥å‘åQŒé™ä½Žè‚¥æ•ˆã€‚施肥时遇久æ—׃¸é›¨å¯å…ˆçŒæ°´åŽæ–½è‚¥ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 8.<span>菠萝如何施用生物有机è‚?/span><span>                                                     </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal">  <span>菠萝因果™å¶å¶å­æœ‰å¦‚凤ž®¾ï¼Œæžœè‚‰é¦™å‘³ä¼¼æ¢¨åQŒæ•…又称作凤梨,是我国南方的重要水果。菠萝原产于南美‹z²çƒ­å¸¦åœ°åŒºçš„巴西åQŒå¯¹çŽ¯å¢ƒé€‚应性强åQŒä½†æ›´é€‚应温暖湿润的气候,肥沃疏松åQŒåœŸå±‚深厚,有机质含量在</span><span>2%</span><span>以上的土壤。菠萝属于多òq´ç”Ÿè‰æœ¬æ¤ç‰©åQŒæ²¡ä¼‘眠期,周年能生长,是一¿Uæ•ˆç›Šé«˜çš„æ°´æžœã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   <span>菠萝的生长过½E‹ä¸­åQŒéœ€è¦è¾ƒå¤šçš„氮肥和钾肥,及一些钙肥和ž®‘许的磷肥等。在每一‹Æ¡çš„收获后,必须¾l™äºˆé€‚当的肥料,才能¼‹®ä¿äº§é‡çš„稳定。菠萝种植要施èƒöåŸø™‚¥åQŒåŸºè‚¥ä¸€èˆ¬æ ªæ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>2--3</span><span>公斤åQŒé…æ–?/span><span>100</span><span>克尿素和</span><span>50</span><span>克硫酔R’¾ã€‚菠萝一般年˜q½è‚¥ä¸‰æ¬¡åQŒæ¬¡æ˜?/span><span>1</span><span>月左右的促蕾肥,株施生物有机è‚?/span><span>2--3</span><span>公斤。第二次æ˜?/span><span>4--5</span><span>月的壮果催芽肥,株施生物有机è‚?/span><span>3--5</span><span>公斤。第三次是壮芽肥åQ?/span><span>7--8</span><span>月采果后株施生物有机è‚?/span><span>5--8</span><span>秒拍真空小视频公斤åQŒä»¥æ¢å¤æ ‘势åQŒæé«˜å¶ç‰‡åŠŸèƒ½ï¼Œä¿ƒè¿›èŠÞpŠ½åˆ†åŒ–。但在花芽诱发前的两个月åQŒå¿…™åÕdœæ­¢æ–½è‚¥ï¼Œå¦åˆ™ä¼šåšg˜qŸå¼€èŠ±ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 9.<span>香蕉怎样应用生物有机è‚?/span><span>                                               </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>香蕉是我国南方各省区重要的热带水果。果实风呛_¥½åQŒè¥å…ÖM¸°å¯Œï¼Œå¯¹å¢ž˜q›äh体健康大有裨益。香蕉树姿优¾ŸŽï¼Œå¸¸ç»¿åQŒæ˜¯ä¸€¿Uç»¿åŒ–环境,调节气候的理想果树之一ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>新植蕉园除定植前施èƒöåŸø™‚¥å¤–,在抽å‡ÞZ¸¤ç‰‡æ–°å¶æ—¶å¼€å§‹æ–½è‚¥ï¼Œä¸€èˆ¬äº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span>100--150<span>公斤åQŒæŽºæ°?/span><span>3--4</span><span>倍施用,上半òq´çº¦æ–½æ°´è‚?/span><span>4</span><span>‹Æ¡ã€?/span><span>8--9</span><span>月抽å‡ø™¾ƒå£®æ—ºçš„大叶后åQŒæ–½é‡è‚¥åQŒæ ªæ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>3--5</span><span>公斤åQŒä¿ƒ</span><span>10</span><span>月前抽蕾。当òq´èµ¶ä¸ä¸ŠæŠ½è•¾¾l“果的蕉株,要求冬季生长停止前,高度è¾?/span><span>1</span><span>¾c³ä»¥ä¸Šï¼Œä¿è¯‹Æ¡å¹´é€ è•‰ã€‚è¿™¿Uå¤§è‹—过冬的植株åQŒè¦æŽ§åˆ¶å¥½è‚¥æ–™çš„施用ã€?</span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>旧蕉园施肥重点在上半òqß_¼Œæä¾›­‘›_¤Ÿçš„营å…ȝ»™èŠÞpŠ½åˆ†åŒ–和果实发育所需。花芽分化前肥èƒöåQŒåˆ†åŒ–的雌花多。果实发育期肥料­‘»I¼Œæžœå®žç”Ÿé•¿˜q…速,产量高,同时吸芽也壮åQŒäؓ来年ä¸îCñ”打下基础。一般每òq´éœ€æ–?/span>5<span>‹Æ¡è‚¥ã€‚次是根前肥。在蕉株˜q‡å†¬åŽå¤§é‡å‘新根之前åQˆç«‹æ˜¥å·¦å»I¼‰æ–½ç”¨åQŒä»¥ä¿ƒä‹É新根大量生长åQŒåŠ é€Ÿæ–°æ ÒŽ–°èŠ½çš„生长。株施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>3--5</span><span>公斤åQŒé…æ–½å°¿ç´?/span><span>100</span><span>克,施在距蕉å¤?/span><span>20</span><span>厘米周围。第二次是旺盛肥。在植株旺盛生长期(清明前后åQ‰æ–½ä¸‹ã€‚此时是需肥多的时期,必须施重肥。株施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>5--10</span><span>公斤åQŒé…æ–½å°¿ç´?/span><span>100</span><span>克、硫酔R’¾</span><span>200</span><span>克,促ä‹É植株每月能抽</span><span>5--6</span><span>片叶åQŒåˆ¶é€ å’Œ¿U¯ç¯è¾ƒå¤šçš„养分,以奠定花芽分化和产量的基¼‹€ã€‚第三次是把头肥。在植株开始åŞ成把å¤ß_¼ˆå¼€å§‹èŠ±èŠ½åˆ†åŒ–期åQ‰æ—¶åQˆæ­£é€ è•‰¾U¦åœ¨</span><span>6--7</span><span>月)施下。株施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>5</span><span>公斤åQŒä¿ƒ˜q›èŠ±èŠ½åˆ†åŒ–及提早抽蕾åQŒå¯¹å¢žåŠ æžœæ®µåQŒå•æžœé‡æ•ˆæžœæ˜¾è‘—。第四次是果前肥。在母株采收前施下。株施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>3</span><span>公斤åQŒä¿ƒä½¿å¸èŠ½è¿…速生é•Ñ€‚第五次是过寒肥。在</span><span>10--11</span><span>月间施下åQŒæ ªæ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>2--3</span><span>公斤åQŒåœ¨è•‰å¤´</span><span>50</span><span>秒拍真空小视频厘米处开‹¹…沟施下åQŒç„¶åŽç›–土,保温保湿åQŒä»¥å¢žå¼ºå¸èŠ½çš„抗寒力ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 10.<span>龙眼怎样施用生物有机è‚?/span><span>                                                    </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 龙眼是我国的一¿Uäºšçƒ­å¸¦æžœæ ‘åQŒå…¶æžœå®žæ˜¯å›½å†…外市场深受‹Æ¢è¿Žçš„珍贉|žœå“ä¹‹ä¸€ã€‚é¾™çœég¸»è¦åˆ†å¸ƒåœ¨æˆ‘国的福建、广东、广è¥Ñ€å››å·åŠå°æ¹¾½{‰çœåQˆåŒºåQ‰ï¼Œä»¥ç¦å»ºæ ½åŸšw¢¿U¯å¤§åQŒäñ”量也多ã€?</p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> òq¼å¹´æ ‘在定植å?/span>2--3<span>òq´è¿›è¡Œæ‰©½I´æ”¹åœŸã€‚在原定植穴四周以外的相å¯ÒŽ–¹å‘,东西或南北,挖两个穴æ·?/span><span>60--80</span><span>厘米åQŒå®½</span><span>50--60</span><span>厘米åQŒé•¿</span><span>150--200</span><span>厘米大穴。分层埋入绿肥、生物有æœø™‚¥åQŒåƈæ·äh–½ä¸€äº›çŸ³ç°ã€è¿‡¼‚·é…¸é’™ç­‰åQŒç„¶åŽå›žåœŸè¦†ç›–。第二次在另外两个方向进行。扩½I´æ”¹åœŸæ—¶æ ªåŽ‹¾l¿è‚¥</span><span>30--50</span><span>公斤åQŒç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>5--10</span><span>公斤åQŒåŠ å…¥å°‘量石灰、过¼‚·é…¸é’?/span><span>1--2</span><span>公斤åQŒç„¶åŽå›žåœŸè¦†ç›–ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 初投产的龙眼树,是幼龄树向成龄树的过渡阶ŒDµï¼Œ¾l“æžœž®šæœª½E›_®šåQŒè¿™ŒD‰|—¶æœŸæ—¢è¦è®©å®ƒæŠ•äº§ç»“果,又要保证它ç‘ô¾l­ç”Ÿé•¿ï¼Œæ‰©å¤§æ ‘冠。只能让它适量¾l“æžœåQŒæ ªäº§çº¦</span>10--30<span>公斤。初投äñ”的龙眼树以施生物有机肥äؓ主,òq¶æ³¨æ„æÛ、磷、钾搭配。冬季要施一‹Æ¡ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥åQŒæ’’施在树冠底下åQŒæ ªæ–?/span><span>5--10</span><span>公斤åQŒä¸¤òq´ä¸€‹Æ¡ã€?/span><span>2</span><span>月䆾施生物有æœø™‚¥ä¸€‹Æ¡ï¼Œæ ?/span><span>1--2</span><span>公斤åQŒå°¿ç´?/span><span>0.5</span><span>公斤åQŒè¿‡¼‚·é…¸é’?/span><span>1</span><span>公斤ã€?/span><span>6</span><span>月䆾株可施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>2</span><span>公斤åQŒå°¿ç´?/span><span>0.5</span><span>公斤和氯化钾</span><span>1</span><span>公斤ã€?/span><span>8</span><span>月䆾株施生物有机è‚?/span><span>3</span><span>公斤åQŒè€Œä¸”随结果量的增多和树冠的扩大,用肥量逐年增加ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 成年¾l“果树äؓ满èƒö树体生长¾l“果的需要,通常一òq´æ–½è‚?/span>5<span>‹Æ¡ï¼Œæ‰èƒ½è¾‘Öˆ°ä¸îCñ”½E³äñ”的目的。次åœ?/span><span>2</span><span>月上旬立春前后施åQŒæ ªæ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>2--3</span><span>公斤åQŒå¯ä»¥ä¿ƒ˜q›èŠ±½I—发è‚ÔŒ¼Œæé«˜æŠ½ç©—率,增大èŠÞq©—。第二次åœ?/span><span>4</span><span>月䆾清明臌™°·é›¨æœŸé—´æ–½ç”¨ï¼Œæ ªæ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>2--3</span><span>公斤åQŒå¯¹ä¿ƒå‘夏梢和提高坐果率有显著效果。第三次åœ?/span><span>6</span><span>月下旬,株施生物有机è‚?/span><span>3--5</span><span>公斤åQŒè¡¥å……和调整疏折果穗之后åQŒå¹¼æžœè¿…速生长及培养健壮夏梢所需的营充R€‚第四次åœ?/span><span>7</span><span>月下旬至</span><span>8</span><span>月上旬,采果å‰?/span><span>1</span><span>个月施用åQŒè¿™ä¸€æ—¶æœŸæžœè‚‰˜q…速膨大,根系吸肥力强åQŒæ–½è‚¥å¯¹æé«˜äº§é‡åQŒå‡ž®‘后期落果有明显作用åQŒä¸€èˆ¬æ ªæ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>5--8</span><span>公斤。第五次åœ?/span><span>9</span><span>月䆾施用åQŒæ ªæ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>3--5</span><span>公斤åQŒä¿ƒ˜q›å¤æ¢¢åšg伸秋梢或促发¿U‹æ¢¢åQŒåŸ¹å…Õd¥å£®çš„¾l“果母枝。不同地区可æ ÒŽ®é¾™çœ¼æ ‘势和土壤肥力的不同而增减施肥数量ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 11.<span>荔枝如何施用生物有机è‚?/span><span>                                                    </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 荔枝是我国南方的特äñ”æ°´æžœåQŒå…¶æžœè‚‰é¦™ç”œå¯å£åQŒé£Žå‘³ç‰¹ŒDŠï¼Œæžœå®žè¥å…»ä¸°å¯ŒåQŒè‡ªå¤äؓ人民所赞赏。荔枝适应性较强,栽培½Ž¡ç†è¾ƒå®¹æ˜“,单株产量高,寿命长,¾læµŽæ•ˆç›Šå¤§ï¼Œæ˜¯å¼€å‘山区,发展生äñ”åQŒä‹É农民增加¾læµŽæ”¶å…¥çš„优良果树ã€?</p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 荔枝定植成活臌™¿›å…¥ç»“果前为幼树时期。这时管理主æ”ȝ›®æ ‡æ˜¯˜q…速扩大树冠,为早¾l“丰产打下基¼‹€ã€‚因此,在管理措施上要加强土壤管理,培养发达的根¾p»ï¼Œä¿ƒä‹É枝梢大量抽生åQŒåŞ成丰产树åŠÑ€‚但ç”׃ºŽæ ¹ç³»òq¼å«©åQŒå¯¹è‚¥æ–™ååˆ†æ•æ„Ÿã€‚因此,施肥应掌握少量、经常、及时和勤施薄施、肥水兼施的原则。荔枝幼树一般抽æ¢?/span>4--5<span>‹Æ¡ï¼Œæ¯æ¬¡æŠ½æ¢¢å‰ï¼Œæ­£æ˜¯å‘根时期。发æ ÒŽ—¶åQŒç»†æ ¹å¤šåQŒå¸æ”¶è‚¥æ–™å¿«åQŒæ•…每次抽梢前也ž®±æ˜¯æ–½è‚¥çš„时期。定植后</span><span>3</span><span>òqß_¼Œæ¯å¹´æ–½è‚¥</span><span>6</span><span>‹Æ¡ä»¥ä¸Šï¼›</span><span>3</span><span>òq´åŽåQŒéšç€æ ¹ç³»å’Œæ ‘冠的扩大åQŒè‚¥æ–™å¯ä»¥é€æ¸åŠ æµ“åQŒæ¬¡æ•°å¯é€å¹´å‡å°‘。施肥以开</span><span>20--25</span><span>厘米æ·Þqš„环状沟äؓ好。开沟位¾|®åº”¼›»é¡»æ ?/span><span>15</span><span>厘米以外åQŒè¿™¿Uæ–½è‚¥æ–¹æ³•ï¼Œå¯è¯±å¯¼æ ¹¾pÕd‘外扩大生长,òq¶å¯ä¸æ–­åœ°æ›´æ–°èŒå‘新栏V€‚每‹Æ¡æ ªæ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥é‡?/span><span>1--2</span><span>秒拍真空小视频公斤ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 荔枝定植å?/span>20--30<span>òq´è¿›å…¥ç››æžœæœŸã€‚此期根¾pÀL‰©å±•é€æ¸è¾‘Öˆ°å¤§é™åº¦ï¼Œè¥å…»æ°´åã^有所提高åQŒäñ”量也逐年增加åQŒå› è€Œå¤§é‡æ¶ˆè€—营å…ȝ‰©è´¨ã€‚如此时期土、肥、水½Ž¡ç†ä¸å½“åQŒä¸ä½†å®¹æ˜“出现大ž®å¹´¾l“æžœåQŒè€Œä¸”ç”׃ºŽå…Õdˆ†¿U¯ç¯æ°´åã^降低åQŒè¥å…ȝ”Ÿé•¿å‡é€€åQŒå¸¸åŠ é€Ÿæ ‘势衰老。荔枝的¾l“果母枝主要是秋梢,如秋梢多而壮åQŒæ˜¯å…‹æœè”枝大小òq´çŽ°è±¡åŠä¿è¯òq´å¹´ä¸îCñ”的关键,所以采果后要施一‹Æ¡é‡è‚¥ï¼Œòq‰™€‚当灌水åQŒä‹É植株˜q…速恢复树势,争取新梢åœ?/span><span>8--9</span><span>月抽出,为第二年ä¸îCñ”提供更多的结果母枝,˜q™æ ·åˆèƒ½ä¿ƒè¿›èŠÞpŠ½åˆ†åŒ–åQŒæ˜¯ä¿è¯òq´å¹´ä¸°æ”¶çš„关键措施。具体做法是在树根周围松åœ?/span><span>10</span><span>厘米深,株施生物有机è‚?/span><span>5--10</span><span>公斤åQŒæ–½åŽç›–上一层薄土ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 12.<span>芒果怎样施用生物有机è‚?/span><span>                                                    </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 芒果色泽佻I¼Œå‘³é¦™ç”œï¼Œè¥å…»é«˜ï¼Œæ·±å¾—äºÞZ»¬çš„喜爱,是世界十大水果之一。芒果在我国重要分布在广东、广è¥Ñ€æ“v南等南方省区ã€?</p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 芒果òq¼é¾„树施肥,主要是促˜q›è¥å…ȝ”Ÿé•Ñ€‚芒果幼树除冬末春初的低温阶ŒDµï¼Œå‡ ä¹Žå…¨å¹´éƒ½å¯æŠ½å‘新梢åQŒå¹´æŠ½æ¢¢é‡å¯è¾?/span>6--7<span>‹Æ¡ï¼Œç”Ÿé•¿é‡å¤§åQŒå¯¹è¥å…»å…ƒç´ çš„需求量也大。但芒果新植òq¼é¾„树的侧根很少åQŒé¡»æ ¹ä¸å‘è¾¾åQŒæ•°é‡å°‘åQŒçº¤å¼±ï¼Œåˆ†å¸ƒ‹¹…,å¯ÒŽ–½è‚¥æµ“度非常敏感,因此要掌æ?/span><span>"</span><span>ž®‘量多施åQŒå‹¤æ–½è–„æ–?/span><span>"</span><span>的原则。一般定植时株用生物有机è‚?/span><span>5</span><span>公斤与细土æ؜匀后穴施,¿Uæ¤åŽå¹´å†…不用施肥。从½W¬äºŒòq´å¼€å§‹ï¼Œå¯æ ¹æ®æŠ½æ¢¢æœŸæ¥ç¡®å®šæ–½è‚¥æ—¶æœŸã€‚在萌芽前施促梢肥,促进芽萌动和新梢的抽发;在枝梢停止加长生长,叶色开始è{¾l¿æ—¶æ–½å£®æ¢¢è‚¥åQŒä¿ƒ˜q›å¶è‰²è{¾l¿å’Œæžæ¡å¢žç²—。一般年龄幼树株每次施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>2</span><span>公斤åQŒç¬¬äºŒå¹´é¾„å¹¼æ ?/span><span>3</span><span>秒拍真空小视频公斤åQŒé‡‡ç”¨çŽ¯çŠ¶æ²Ÿæ–½çš„æ–ÒŽ³•ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> ¾l“果树在开花期、果实发育初期和新梢发生期都需要各¿Uå…»åˆ†çš„充分供给。根据芒果树生长发育特点åQŒä¸€èˆ¬é€‰æ‹©å››æ¬¡æ–½è‚¥ã€‚次在采果前后,株施生物有机è‚?/span>5--10<span>公斤åQŒé‡‡ç”¨æ”¾ž®„状沟施或环状沟施,寚w‡‡æžœåŽæ ‘势恢复åQŒä¿ƒä½¿æœ«‹Æ¡ç§‹æ¢¢çš„及时停长åQŒç§¯ç´¯å…‰åˆå…»åˆ†ï¼Œ˜q›å…¥èŠÞpŠ½åˆ†åŒ–状态都有很好的作用。第二次在芒果花芽分化期施催èŠÞp‚¥åQŒä¸€èˆ¬åœ¨</span><span>10--11</span><span>月,株施生物有机è‚?/span><span>3--8</span><span>公斤åQŒçŽ¯çŠ¶æ²Ÿæ–½ï¼Œä»¥ä¿ƒ˜q›èŠ±èŠ½åˆ†åŒ–,保证èŠÞqš„发育。第三次施壮èŠÞp‚¥åQŒä¸€èˆ¬åœ¨</span><span>1--3</span><span>月是èŠÞp•¾å‘育与开花期åQŒæ ªæ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>2--3</span><span>公斤åQŒçŽ¯çŠ¶æ²Ÿæ–½ï¼Œå¯æé«˜æ ‘体营å…ÀL°´òq»I¼Œä¿ƒè¿›èŠÞq©—和小èŠÞqš„发育åQŒæé«˜ä¸¤æ€§èŠ±æ¯”率åQŒå¥å£®èŠ±è´¨ï¼Œå¢žå¼ºæŠ‰|Š—低温阴雨½{‰ä¸è‰¯å¤©æ°”的能力åQŒæé«˜åæžœçŽ‡ã€‚第四次是在</span><span>4--5</span><span>月施壮果肥,株施生物有机è‚?/span><span>3--5</span><span>公斤åQŒåƈ配施</span><span>500</span><span>克硫酔R’¾åQŒä¿ƒ˜q›æžœå®žè¿…速增长,协调枝梢与果实养分分配的矛盾ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 13.<span>柑桔、脐Š™™æ€Žæ ·æ–½ç”¨ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>                                               </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 柑桔和脐Š™™å‡å±žäºŽæŸ‘æ¡”¾cÕd¸¸¾l¿æžœæ ‘,¾l“果期长åQŒæŒ‚果量大,根系分布òqѝ€æ·±ã€å¯†åQŒéœ€è¦æ¶ˆè€—大量的å…Õdˆ†ã€‚我国柑桔和脐橙主要分布在丘陵山地、坡圎ͼŒåœŸå±‚‹¹…,肥力低,˜qœæ»¡­‘³ä¸äº†æŸ‘桔和脐橙生长¾l“果对营å…ȝ‰©è´¨çš„要求。柑桔和脐橙施肥åQŒè¦æ ÒŽ®æ ‘势、树龄、土壤肥力、气候等多方因素调节施肥量及施肥æ–ÒŽ³•ã€?</p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 生长¾l“果期的柑桔和脐Š™™æ ‘åQŒè¥å…ȝ”Ÿé•¿ä¸Žç”Ÿæ®–生长易äñ”生矛盾。生长结果期的施肥ä“Q务是协调营养生长与生ŒD–生长,使二者同步发展,ž®½å¿«˜q›å…¥ç››æžœæœŸã€‚一般分四次施肥。次是催梢壮èŠÞp‚¥åQŒä»¥æ ªäñ”</span>30<span>公斤果树为标准,株施生物有机è‚?/span><span>5</span><span>公斤åQŒåŒæ—¶çŒ­‘Ïx˜¥æ°´ã€?/span><span>2</span><span>月底以前完成施肥灌水ä»ÕdŠ¡ã€‚åã^地果园开攑ְ„性沟åQŒå¡åœ°æžœå›­é‡‡ç”¨å®šå‘对方开沟施入。第二次是壮果肥åQŒä»¥æ ªäñ”</span><span>30</span><span>公斤果树为标准,株施生物有机è‚?/span><span>2</span><span>公斤åQŒåœ¨</span><span>7</span><span>月上旬施入。第三次是营å…ȝ§¯ç´¯è‚¥åQŒä»¥æ ªäñ”</span><span>30</span><span>公斤果树为标准,株施生物有机è‚?/span><span>3</span><span>公斤åQŒåœ¨</span><span>9</span><span>月下旬施入。第四次是采果后肥,采果后个别植株因负果˜q‡é‡åQŒæ ‘势显弱,可单独开ž®ç¶æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>2--3</span><span>公斤åQŒè‹¥é‡å¹²æ—±ï¼Œé‡‡æžœåŽåŠæ—¶çŒä¸€‹Æ¡è§£æ¸´æ°´åQŒåˆ©äºŽå°½å¿«æ¢å¤æ ‘åŠÑ€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 盛果期的柑桔和脐Š™™æ ‘åQŒæ ‘冠体¿U¯å·²è¾‘Öˆ°™å¶ç‚¹åQŒç”ŸŒD–生长占优势åQŒäñ”量达到高峎ͼŒè‚¥æ°´½Ž¡ç†ä»ÕdŠ¡æ˜¯æ»¡­‘›_…¶ç”Ÿé•¿¾l“果所需åQŒå°½é‡åšg长盛果年限,肥水½Ž¡ç†ä¸Žç”Ÿé•¿ç»“果树不同çš?/span>?quot;<span>二增一æ”?/span><span>"</span><span>。二增即各次施肥增加用肥量和增施一‹Æ¡ç¨³æžœè‚¥ã€‚因盛果树枝梢多、花量多、养分消耗更多,ž®½ç®¡å„次施肥加大用量åQŒä½†é æ˜¥æ¢¢å‰æ–½è‚¥çš„持¾l­è‚¥æ•ˆå·²æ˜¾ä¸­‘»I¼Œå¦‚不及时补充营养åQŒæŽ¥ç€½W¬äºŒ‹Æ¡ç”Ÿç†è½æžœä¼šå› è¥å…ÖM¸è‰¯è€ŒåŠ å‰§è½æžœé‡åQŒåœ¨</span><span>5</span><span>月中旬再增施一‹Æ¡ç¨³æžœè‚¥åQŒæ ªç”¨ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>3--5</span><span>公斤åQŒè¦çœ‹æ ‘配施ž®¿ç´ åQŒæ ‘弱果多的植株可补æ–?/span><span>1</span><span>公斤ž®¿ç´ ã€‚一æ”ÒŽ˜¯æ”?/span><span>9</span><span>月肥ä¸?/span><span>10</span><span>月下旬至</span><span>11</span><span>月上旬的采前肥。盛果树一般次òq´èŠ±ž®‘,着重施好采前肥åQŒé‡‡åŽå°‘量灌æ°ß_¼Œä½¿æ ‘势恢复快åQŒæ ‘体强健,利于­‘Šå†¬ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 衰老期的柑桔和脐橙树,抗逆性明昑ևé€€åQŒå¸è‚¥æ°´èƒ½åŠ›å·®ï¼Œæ–½è‚¥æ•ˆæžœååº”˜qŸé’åQŒè¦åœ¨å¸¸è§„施肥的基础上增加æÛ元素施入量,春肥在沟施的基础上åƈ在根¾pÕdˆ†å¸ƒåŒºåœ°è¡¨æ’’æ–½ž®¿ç´ åQŒç»“合灌æ°ß_¼Œä¿æŒæ ‘势ã€?</p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 14.<span>牛蒡、山药怎样施用生物有机è‚?/span><span>                                                </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>牛蒡作äؓ一¿Uä¿å¥è”¬èœï¼Œä¸»è¦å‡ºå£æ—¥æœ¬ã€éŸ©å›½å’Œä¸œå—亚国å®Óž¼Œæ·±å—消费者喜爱,需求量较大。近òq´æ¥åQŒåœ¨æˆ‘国¿Uæ¤é¢ç§¯é€å¹´æ‰©å¤§åQŒå·²¾læˆä¸ÞZ¸€¿Uä¸»è¦çš„出口创汇蔬菜。牛蒡äؓ</span>2--3<span>òq´ç”Ÿè‰æœ¬æ¤ç‰©åQŒå…¶æ’­æœŸä¸ç­‰åQŒæ—¢å¯æ˜¥æ’­ã€å¤æ’­ï¼Œåˆå¯¿U‹æ’­åQŒç”Ÿè‚²æœŸé•¿çŸ­ä¸ä¸€åQŒæ•´ä¸ªç”Ÿè‚²æœŸå¯åˆ†ä¸ºå‘芽期、幼苗期、叶片生长旺盛期及肉质直根膨大期ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 牛蒡为深根型蔬菜åQŒå¯¹åœŸå£¤è¦æ±‚比较严格åQŒåº”选择土层深厚åQŒè‚¥æ²ƒç–æ¾ï¼ŒæŽ’水良好的沙壤土或壤土栽埏V€‚一般在冬前˜q›è¡Œæ·Þq¿»æ™’åž¡åQŒå¼€æ²Ÿæ·±</span>70<span>厘米åQŒå®½</span><span>60</span><span>厘米åQŒä¸¤æ²Ÿé—´è·ç¦»</span><span>120</span><span>厘米。开沟后¾l“合填土åQŒä¸Šä¸‹åˆ†å±‚施肥。由于施用未腐熟的有æœø™‚¥ä¼šå¼•èµïL‰›è’¡ç›´æ ¹çš„先端受害而发生分杈,化肥用量˜q‡å¤šåQŒåœŸå£¤æº¶æ¶²æµ“度过高,也会伤害直根åQŒå¼•èµ·åˆ†æˆï¼Œå½±å“ç‰›è’¡çš„商品性能。因此,肥料选择对牛蒡栽培特别重要。一般施用生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>200</span><span>公斤åQŒé…æ–½å°¿ç´?/span><span>40</span><span>公斤åQŒè¿‡¼‚·é…¸é’?/span><span>100</span><span>公斤åQŒç¡«é…”R’¾</span><span>30</span><span>公斤åQŒä‹É肥料与沟土æ؜合均匀åQŒå°†æ²Ÿå¡«òqŸë€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 牛蒡的生长期长,生长量大åQŒéœ€è‚¥é‡ä¹Ÿè¾ƒå¤§ã€‚在施èƒöåŸø™‚¥çš„基¼‹€ä¸Šï¼Œæ•´ä¸ªç”Ÿè‚²æœŸè¿˜åº”追è‚?/span>3<span>‹Æ¡ã€‚次在植株高</span><span>30--40</span><span>厘米æ—Óž¼Œåœ¨åž„™å¶ä¸­é—´å¼€æ²Ÿï¼Œäº©è¿½æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>20</span><span>公斤åQ›ç¬¬äºŒæ¬¡åœ¨æ¤æ ªç”Ÿé•¿æ—ºç››æ—¶æœŸç»“合浇æ°ß_¼Œæ’’施于垄沟里åQŒäº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>30</span><span>公斤åQŒä¿ƒ˜q›æ ¹¾pÕd’Œå¶ç‰‡ç”Ÿé•¿åQ›ç¬¬ä¸‰æ¬¡åœ¨è‚‰è´¨æ ¹è†¨å¤§åŽï¼Œäº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>30</span><span>公斤åQŒä»¥ä¿ƒè¿›è‚‰è´¨æ ¹è¿…速生长,获得优质高äñ”的牛蒡ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">秒拍真空小视频 å±Þp¯å’Œç‰›è’¡ä¸€æ øP¼Œéƒ½æ˜¯æ·±æ ¹åž‹è”¬èœï¼Œä¸¤è€…基肥施用品¿Uã€æ•°é‡å’Œæ–ÒŽ³•åŸºæœ¬ä¸€è‡´ã€‚但˜q½è‚¥æ—¶æœŸå’Œç”¨è‚¥é‡ç•¥æœ‰åŒºåˆ«ã€?</p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> å±Þp¯ä»ŽèŠ½èŒå‘到块茎收èŽøP¼Œå¯åˆ†ä¸ºå‘芽期、甩条发‹‚‰|œŸã€å—茎生长期和休眠期。一般在苗齐或移栽成‹zÕdŽåQŒåœ¨åž„顶中间开沟,亩施生物有机è‚?/span>20<span>公斤åQ›å‘‹‚‰|œŸåQŒäº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>30</span><span>公斤åQ›æ¤æ ªçŽ°è•¾æ—¶åQŒäº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>80</span><span>公斤åQŒä»¥ä¿è¯å—茎的äŽ×长与膨大ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 15.<span>草莓怎样使用生物有机è‚?/span><span>                                                    </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 草莓是以果实为食用的植物åQŒæžœå®žé²œ¾U¢è‰³ä¸½ï¼ŒæŸ”嫩多汁åQŒç”œé…”R€‚口åQŒè¥å…ÖM­h值高åQŒåœ¨æˆ‘国北è“v黑龙江、南臛_¹¿ä¸œï¼Œä¸œè“v上æ“v、西è‡Ïx–°ç–†å‡æœ‰ç§æ¤ã€‚草莓在一òq´ä¸­åQŒå„器官随着季节的变化,其生理机能也发生规律性的变化åQŒä¸€èˆ¬å°†å…¶åˆ†ä¸ºå¼€å§‹ç”Ÿé•¿æœŸã€å¼€èŠÞq»“果期、旺盛生长期、花芽分化期和休眠期五个阶段ã€?</p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 草莓根系为须根,分布‹¹…,æœ?/span>70%<span>的根¾pÕdˆ†å¸ƒåœ¨</span><span>20</span><span>厘米深土层中。草莓是喜水、喜肥作物,要求保肥保水能力强,通气良好åQŒè´¨åœ°ç–æ„¡š„砂壤土。全生育期要合理施肥åQŒç¡®ä¿æ¤æ ªç”Ÿé•¿å¥å£®ï¼Œå¼€èŠ±å¤šåQŒåæžœå¤šåQŒæžœå®žå“å‘›_¥½åQŒäñ”量高。壮苗是优质高äñ”高效的基¼‹€ã€‚壮苗体内积累营å…Õd¤šåQŒæ ¹¾pÕd‘达,¿Uæ¤åŽæˆ‹zÕd¿«åQŒèŠ±èŠ½åˆ†åŒ–多而饱满,能结出又大又多的果实。施­‘›_Ÿºè‚¥æ˜¯è‰èŽ“苗壮的基本条件。选择前茬不是西红æŸÑ€é©¬é“ƒè–¯ã€èŒ„子、èÇG椒、甜菜、豌豆等作物åQŒå«æœ‰ä¸°å¯Œçš„有机质和各种矿物质的壤土地块。在定植前整åœîC½œç•¦ï¼Œæ·Þq¿»åœŸå£¤</span><span>30--40</span><span>厘米åQŒåœ¨æ·Þq¿»çš„同时施­‘›_Ÿºè‚¥ã€‚一般亩施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>200</span><span>公斤åQŒé…æ–½å°¿ç´?/span><span>10</span><span>公斤、过¼‚·é…¸é’?/span><span>20--25</span><span>公斤、硫酔R’¾</span><span>10</span><span>公斤。在施èƒöåŸø™‚¥çš„基¼‹€ä¸Šï¼ŒåŒ—方在草莓定植或成活后亩˜q½æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>20</span><span>公斤åQŒä¿ƒ˜q›æ¤æ ªæ ¹¾pȝ”Ÿé•Ñ€‚江‹¹™ä¸€å¸¦åˆ™åœ¨å®šæ¤åŽ˜q½æ–½ä¸€‹Æ¡è‚¥åQŒåœ¨</span><span>11</span><span>月中旬或</span><span>12</span><span>月上旬期间亩施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>20</span><span>公斤。未施èƒöåŸø™‚¥çš„草莓地åQŒè¦˜q›è¡Œä¸‰æ¬¡˜q½è‚¥ã€?/span><span>                    </span><span>‹Æ¡åœ¨æ˜¥å¤©èŒèŠ½ä»¥å‰æ–½å…¥åQŒä¸€èˆ¬äº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>30</span><span>公斤åQŒä¿ƒ˜q›è¿”青生长和花序的发肌Ӏ‚第二次在花前施入,亩施生物有机è‚?/span><span>20</span><span>公斤åQŒæ»¡­‘Ïx¤æ ªåŠ é€Ÿç”Ÿé•¿å’Œå¼€èŠÞq»“果对营养的需求。第三次在采果后施入åQŒäº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>40</span><span>公斤åQŒè¡¥å……土壤营å…ȝš„亏损åQŒä‹É植株恢复生长势,植株˜q›è¡Œ½W¬äºŒ‹Æ¡è¥å…ȝ”Ÿé•¿ï¼Œä¿ƒè¿›èŠÞpŠ½åˆ†åŒ–ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 16.<span>甘蔗如何施用生物有机肥好</span><span>                                                  </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>甘蔗是一¿Ué‡è¦çš„¾læµŽä½œç‰©åQŒæ˜¯åˆ¶ç³–工业的主要原料之一。我国种è”?/span>80%<span>为旱坡地åQŒåœŸå£¤å¤§å¤šè¾ƒç˜ è–„åQŒæœ‰æœø™´¨å«é‡ä½Žï¼Œä¸€èˆ¬äؓ</span><span>1%</span><span>左右。因此,增施有机质含量丰富的肥料作基肥,å¯ÒŽé«˜äñ”量和改良土壤的效果十分良好ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 甘蔗高äñ”施肥¾léªŒè¡¨æ˜ŽåQŒåŸºè‚¥åº”以生物有æœø™‚¥ä¸ÞZ¸»åQŒé…æ–½æÛ、磷、钾肥。一般春蔗高产田块,亩施生物有机è‚?/span>200--300<span>公斤作基肥,配施ž®¿ç´ </span><span>10</span><span>公斤、过¼‚·é…¸é’?/span><span>20</span><span>公斤、硫酔R’¾</span><span>10</span><span>秒拍真空小视频公斤。施åŸø™‚¥æ—Óž¼Œå…ˆå¼€¿Uæ¤æ²Ÿï¼Œž®†ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥æ–½äºŽæ²Ÿåº•åQŒæ²Ÿä¸¤ä¾§å†æ–½æ— æœºè‚¥ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> ˜q½è‚¥åˆ†è‹—肥、分蘖肥、攻茎肥三个时期施用。蔗苗两叶一心时施攻苗肥åQŒäº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span>20<span>公斤åQŒå¼±è‹—多施,以达到苗匀、苗壮。如åŸø™‚¥å’Œæ”»è‹—肥比较充èƒöåQŒå¹¼è‹—生长旺盛,可在分蘖盛期施一‹Æ¡ï¼Œ¿UîCؓ壮蘖肥。若åŸø™‚¥ä¸èƒöåQŒæ”»è‹—肥又不多,蔗苗生长不良的,攻蘖肥可分两‹Æ¡æ–½ç”¨ã€‚次在分蘖初期,即主苗具æœ?/span><span>6--7</span><span>片真叶时˜q›è¡ŒåQŒäº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>20</span><span>公斤åQ›ç¬¬äºŒæ¬¡åœ¨åˆ†è˜–盛期,即主苗有</span><span>10--11</span><span>片真叶时施,亩施生物有机è‚?/span><span>40</span><span>公斤åQŒç„¶åŽè¦†åœŸç›–˜q‡è‚¥æ–™ã€‚攻茎肥应重施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>50</span><span>公斤。土质、肥力较差的蔗田适当多施ã€?</span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> ¿U‹æ¤ç”˜è”—有效茎数多,生长期长åQŒç”Ÿé•‰K‡å¤§ï¼Œéœ€è‚¥è¾ƒå¤šï¼Œå¸è‚¥æ€»é‡æ¯”一般春植蔗¾U¦å¤š</span>30--40%<span>åQŒå› æ­¤ï¼Œå¿…须施èƒöåŸø™‚¥åQŒæ‰èƒ½å……分发挥秋植蔗的丰产性能。实践证明,灰粪土杂肥拌¼‚¯‚‚¥ä½œåŸºè‚¥æ–½ç”¨ï¼Œå¢žäñ”效果很好åQŒç‰¹åˆ«æ˜¯¾U¢ã€é»„壤的¿U‹æ¤è”—与春植蔗的田间½Ž¡ç†åŸºæœ¬ç›¸åŒåQŒä½†æ ÒŽ®¿U‹æ¤è”—比春植蔗早生快长的特点åQŒå„™å¹ç”°é—´ç®¡ç†å·¥ä½œåº”相应提早˜q›è¡ŒåQŒä¸€èˆ¬å½“òq´æ–½ä¸€ä¸¤æ¬¡è‚¥ï¼Œä¸‰å¶æœŸæ–½‹Æ¡ï¼Œ½W¬äºŒ‹Æ¡åœ¨ä¸ƒå¶æœŸæ­£å¥½åˆ†è˜–刚出土时施下,以促分蘖¾_—壮。三月春暖开始施攻茎肥,¾l“合中培土和大培土分两次˜q½è‚¥ã€‚各‹Æ¡è¿½è‚¥è¦æ¯”春植蔗提早</span><span>25--30</span><span>秒拍真空小视频天,施肥量也要增加ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 宿根甘蔗是在甘蔗收获后,利用留在åœîC¸‹è”—蔸上的芽长å‡ø™˜–åQŒåŠ ä»¥åŸ¹è‚²è€Œæˆçš„甘蔗。宿根蔗依其留宿根的òq´é™åQŒåˆ†ä¸ÞZ¸€òq´å®¿æ V€äºŒòq´å®¿æ V€å¤šòq´å®¿æ ¹ç­‰¾cÕdž‹ã€‚根据宿根蔗早生快发åQŒå‰æœŸç”Ÿé•¿å¿«åQŒå¸è‚¥åŠ›å¼ºçš„特点åQŒåº”及时早施˜q½è‚¥åQŒä‹ÉòqÆD‹—¾_—壮åQŒæœ‰æ•ˆèŒŽå¤šã€‚施肥的æ–ÒŽ³•ä¸Žæ–°æ¤è”—大致相同åQŒä½†æ¯ä¸ªæ–½è‚¥æ—¶æœŸåº”比新植蔗提æ—?/span>15--30<span>天,特别要注意壮ž®¾è‚¥çš„施用,以防止羃ž®¾æ—©è¡°å‡äº§å’Œæé«˜ä¸‹é€ ç•™å®¿æ ¹è”—的蔗头芽质量ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 17.<span>中药材如何施用生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>                                                  </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal">  <span>中药材包含的¿Uç±»è¾ƒå¤šåQŒä¸åŒç§¾cÕd–œè‚¥çš„规律也不同,施肥的æ€ÕdŽŸåˆ™æ˜¯åQ?/span><span>1--2</span><span>òq´ç”ŸåŠå…¨è‰ç±»è¯æåQŒè‹—期应多施氮肥åQŒä¿ƒèŒŽå¶ç”Ÿé•¿åQŒä¸­ã€åŽæœŸè¿½æ–½ç£·ã€é’¾è‚¥ï¼›å¤šå¹´ç”ŸåŠæ ¹å’ŒåœîC¸‹èŒŽç±»è¯æåQŒæ•´åœ°æ—¶è¦æ–½­‘Ïxœ‰æœø™‚¥åQŒç”Ÿé•¿æœŸéœ€˜q½ä¸‰‹Æ¡è‚¥åQŒæ¬¡åœ¨æ˜¥å­£èŒå‘后åQŒç¬¬äºŒæ¬¡åœ¨èŠ±èŠ½åˆ†åŒ–期åQŒç¬¬ä¸‰æ¬¡åœ¨èŠ±åŽæžœå‰ï¼Œå†¬å­£˜q›å…¥ä¼‘眠前还要重施越冬肥。需要育苗的药材åQŒåœ¨æ’­ç§å‰æ•´åœ°æ—¶åQŒæŒ‰æ¯åã^方米</span><span>2</span><span>公斤生物有机肥的量均匀撒施åQŒæ–½åŽç¿»è€•æ’­¿Uã€‚移栽的药材植物åQŒåœ¨¿UÀL ½æ—¶æ–½ç”¨ï¼Œå¯é‡‡ç”¨ç©´æ–½æˆ–撒施。穴施亩用生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>80--100</span><span>公斤åQŒæ–½è‚¥åƈ覆盖</span><span>10</span><span>厘米土后直接ž®†æ¤æ ªè‹—栽植在穴中;撒施亩用é‡?/span><span>160--200</span><span>公斤åQŒæ–½åŽç¿»è€•ï¼Œå¼€æ²Ÿç§»æ ½ã€‚条播的药材植物åQŒåœ¨æ’­ç§æ—¶å¼€æ²Ÿï¼Œäº©ç”¨</span><span>120</span><span>公斤生物有机肥撒施入沟内åQŒè¯æç§å­ä¸Ž¾l†åœŸæ‹ŒåŒ€åŽæ’’播在沟内åQŒè¦†åœŸå³å¯ã€‚直接撒播的药材植物åQŒç»“合整åœîCº©æ’’施生物有机è‚?/span><span>200--250</span><span>公斤åQŒç¿»è€•åŽå›_¯æ’­ç§ã€‚生物有æœø™‚¥åœ¨è¯æä¸Šä½œè¿½è‚¥ï¼Œä¸€èˆ¬æ¯‹Æ¡è¿½æ–?/span><span>20--40</span><span>公斤åQŒæ–½è‚¥æ¬¡æ•°æ ¹æ®è¯ææ¤æ ªç”Ÿé•¿æƒ…况而定ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 18.<span>不同品种牧草怎样施用生物有机è‚?/span><span>                                            </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> ¿Uæ¤ç‰§è‰æ˜¯è§£å†³ç•œ¼›½é¥²æ–™æ¥æºçš„一个重要途径。äh工种植的牧草产量高、营å…ÖM¸°å¯Œï¼Œå¯ä»¥æ›¿ä»£å…ÀL®–业所需的大量粮食,降低å…ÀL®–成本åQŒåŒæ—¶è¿˜é¿å…äº†é‡‡é›†é‡Žè‰ç»å¸”R‡åˆ°çš„农药污染和冬季枯草期青绿饲料不èƒö的问题。常见的牧草作物有鲁梅克斯、黑麦草、ç‚÷云英、草木犀、沙打旺、苜蓿等ã€?</p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 牧草作物主要是利用绿色植株体喂养牲畜åQŒä»¥è¥å…»ç”Ÿé•¿ä¸ÞZ¸»åQŒå•ä½é¢¿U¯äñ”量较大,对养分需求量相对较大。不同的牧草收获量差异很大,对养分的需求也不同。新建牧草,在整地时亩撒施生物有æœø™‚¥</span>160--200<span>公斤åQŒåƈ配施¼‚¯‚‚¥å’Œé’¾è‚¥å„</span><span>5</span><span>公斤卛_¯æ»¡èƒö各种牧草的正常发芽和生长。原建牧草,每次收割后结合灌水追肥,˜q½è‚¥é‡è§†åœŸå£¤è‚¥åŠ›ã€ç‰§è‰å“¿Uå’Œæ”¶èŽ·é‡è€Œå®šã€‚鲁梅克斯株é«?/span><span>2--2.5</span><span>¾c»I¼Œæ ÒŽ·±å¯è¾¾</span><span>2</span><span>¾c³ä»¥ä¸Šï¼Œåˆ†è˜–力强åQŒäº©äº§é²œè?/span><span>10000</span><span>公斤以上åQŒæ¯‹Æ¡æ”¶å‰²åŽæ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>50--80</span><span>公斤。黑麦草根系发达åQŒæ ªå½¢ç›´ç«‹ï¼Œæ ªé«˜</span><span>1.3</span><span>¾c›_·¦å»I¼Œåˆ†è˜–多,再生能力强,亩äñ”鲜草</span><span>5000--6000</span><span>公斤。黑麦草属禾本科åQŒæ˜¯éœ€è‚¥è¾ƒå¤šçš„牧草作物åQŒè¿½è‚¥åœ¨å†¬å­£å’Œæ—©æ˜¥æ–½ç”¨ï¼Œæ¯æ¬¡äº©ç”¨ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>80--100</span><span>公斤。ç‚÷èŠÞp‹œè“¿æ˜¯å¤šå¹´ç”Ÿè±†¿U‘草本植物,耐寒性强åQŒæ ¹¾pÕd‘达,亩äñ”鲜草</span><span>5000</span><span>公斤以上。ç‚÷èŠÞp‹œè“¿å±žè±†ç§‘植物åQŒè‡ªíw«å¯ä»¥å›ºæ°®ï¼Œæ–½è‚¥ä»¥ç£·é’¾è‚¥ä¸ÞZ¸»åQŒä¸€èˆ¬äº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>20--40</span><span>公斤åQŒä½†ç”Ÿé•¿ä¸æ—ºæ—¶ä¹Ÿéœ€˜q½æ–½æ°®è‚¥ã€‚ç‚÷云英也是豆科­‘Šå¹´ç”Ÿè‰æœ¬æ¤ç‰©ï¼Œå®ƒæ ¹¾p»è‚¥å¤§ï¼Œæ šw¡»ä¸Šé•¿æœ‰è®¸å¤šçƒçŠ¶å’ŒçŸ­æ£’壮的根瘤åQŒæ ªé«?/span><span>80--120</span><span>厘米左右åQŒç²—</span><span>0.2--0.9</span><span>厘米åQŒäº©äº?/span><span>3000</span><span>公斤左右。种植ç‚÷云英一般不施基肥,苗期臛_¼€æ˜¥å‰æ–½ç”¨ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>40</span><span>公斤åQŒå¯ä¿ƒä‹ÉòqÆD‹—健壮åQŒæ ¹¾pÕd‘达,提早分枝åQŒåŠ å¼ºæŠ—寒能力。开春后è‡Ïx‹”节前施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>40</span><span>公斤åQŒåƈ配合施用¼‚·é’¾è‚¥ï¼Œå¯æ˜¾è‘—促˜q›èŒŽå¶ç”Ÿé•Ñ€‚菊苣äؓ菊科多年生宿æ ÒŽ¤ç‰©ï¼Œä¸€‹Æ¡æ’­¿Uå¯˜qžç®‹åˆ©ç”¨</span><span>15</span><span>òqß_¼Œäº©äñ”鲜草</span><span>15000</span><span>公斤左右。播¿UåŽä¸€èˆ?/span><span>5</span><span>天可出齐苗,å‡ø™‹—后追施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>40--60</span><span>公斤åQŒä»¥ä¿ƒä‹ÉòqÆD‹—快速生长,每次刈割后及时追施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>40</span><span>秒拍真空小视频公斤åQŒåƈ及时‹¹‡æ°´ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 19.<span>茶园如何施用生物有机è‚?/span><span>                                                   </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal">  <span>施肥对茶树的生长以及茶叶的äñ”量与质量èµïL€é‡è¦ä½œç”¨ã€‚茶树在整个生长发育˜q‡ç¨‹ä¸­ï¼Œä¸åŒçš„生育阶ŒDµå¯¹è¥å…»ç‰©è´¨çš„需求是不同的。幼龄茶树以培养健壮的枝条骨架、分布深òq¿çš„根系为目的,必须增加¼‚—÷€é’¾å…ƒç´ çš„比例,以施用幼龄肥ä¸ÞZ¸»åQ›å¤„于长势旺盛的壮年时期åQŒäؓ促进营养生长åQŒæé«˜é²œå¶çš„产量åQŒé€‚当增加氮素是必要的。但茶叶是嗜好品åQŒå¯¹å“è´¨è¦æ±‚很高。不同茶¾c»ï¼Œå…¶å“è´¨ç‰¹å¾å·®å¼‚较大,如红茶的品质特征æ˜?/span><span>"</span><span>¾U¢æ±¤¾U¢å¶</span><span>"</span><span>åQŒæ»‹å‘Ïxµ“强,要求含有较高的多酚类含量åQ›ç»¿èŒ¶çš„品质特征æ˜?/span><span>"</span><span>清汤¾l¿å¶</span><span>"</span><span>åQŒæ»‹å‘³é²œçˆ½ï¼Œè¦æ±‚含有较高的含氮化合物åQŒå¦‚氨基酸、蛋白质åQ›ä¹Œé¾™èŒ¶¾cȝš„品质特征是香气浓郁,滋味醇和åQŒè¦æ±‚有较高的芳香物质和氨基酸。这些品质特征的形成与茶树施肥有密切关系ã€?</span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 茶园施肥åQŒè¦¾l“合茶树需肥特性,适时、适量地配合施用各¿Uè‚¥æ–™ï¼Œè¾‘Öˆ°æ—¢èƒ½ä¿ƒè¿›èŒ¶æ ‘生长åQŒå®žçŽ°èŒ¶å¶ä¼˜è´¨é«˜äº§ï¼Œåˆèƒ½æ¢å¤å’Œæé«˜åœŸå£¤è‚¥åŠ›ï¼Œåšåˆ°ç”¨åœ°ä¸Žå…»åœ°ç›¸¾l“合。基肥施用时期原则上是在茶树åœîC¸Šéƒ¨åˆ†åœæ­¢ç”Ÿé•¿å›_¯˜q›è¡ŒåQŒå®œæ—©ä¸å®œè¿Ÿã€‚一般长江中下游茶区åQŒåº”åœ?/span>10<span>月上中旬施下åQŒå—部茶区可适当推迟。基肥施用量要依树龄和茶园的生äñ”力而定åQŒä¸€èˆ¬æˆé¾„茶园亩施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>250--300</span><span>公斤。茶园施åŸø™‚¥æ ÒŽ®æ ‘龄¼‹®å®šæ–½è‚¥éƒ¨ä½å’Œæ–¹æ³•ã€?/span><span>1--2</span><span>òq´ç”Ÿçš„茶树在距根é¢?/span><span>10--15</span><span>厘米处开宽约</span><span>15</span><span>厘米、深</span><span>15--20</span><span>厘米òqŒ™¡ŒäºŽèŒ¶è¡Œçš„施肥沟施入;</span><span>3--4</span><span>òq´ç”Ÿçš„茶树在距根é¢?/span><span>35--40</span><span>厘米处开æ·?/span><span>20--25</span><span>厘米的沟施入生物有机肥;成龄茶园则沿树冠垂直下位¾|®å¼€æ²Ÿæ·±æ–½ï¼Œæ²Ÿæ·±</span><span>20--30</span><span>厘米åQ›å·²ž®è¡ŒèŒ¶å›­åQŒåˆ™åœ¨ä¸¤è¡ŒèŒ¶æ ‘之间开沟,如隔行开沟的åQŒåº”每年更换施肥位置åQŒå¡åœ°æˆ–½H„幅梯çñ”茶园åQŒåŸºè‚¥è¦æ–½åœ¨èŒ¶è¡Œæˆ–茶丛的上坡位置和梯¾U§å†…侧方位,减少肥料的流失ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 茶园˜q½è‚¥è¦æŒ‰ä¸åŒæ—¶æœŸåˆ†æ‰¹æ–½å…¥ã€‚次˜q½è‚¥åœ¨æ˜¥èŒ¶å‰åQŒæ˜¥æ¢¢å¤„于鳞片至鱼叶初展时施入,长江中下游茶区在</span>3<span>月上旬施完。第二次˜q½è‚¥äºŽæ˜¥èŒ¶ç»“束后或春梢生长基本停止时˜q›è¡ŒåQŒä¸€èˆ¬åœ¨</span><span>5</span><span>月下旬前˜q½æ–½ã€‚第三次在夏茉™‡‡æ‘˜åŽæˆ–夏梢生长基本停止时˜q›è¡Œã€‚气温高或高产茶园,需˜q›è¡Œ½W¬å››‹Æ¡æˆ–更多的追肥,应根据实际情å†ëŠ¡®å®šè¿½è‚¥æ—¶é—´ã€‚茶园追肥每‹Æ¡äº©ç”¨ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>100</span><span>公斤åQŒå¹¼é¾„茶园在¼›ÀL ‘冠外æ²?/span><span>10</span><span>秒拍真空小视频厘米处开沟,成龄茶园沿树冠垂直开沟,丛栽茶园采取环施或弧施åŞ式ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 20.<span>烟草如何施用生物有机è‚?/span><span>                                                    </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>烟草是一¿Uäñ”量与品质òq‰™‡çš„作物,对肥料的要求很严æ û|¼Œæ–½è‚¥æŠ€æœ¯çš„好坏直接影响到烟草的生长发育和äñ”量与品质的åŞ成,从而媄响到效益的提高。烟草一生分苗期、团‹‚‰|œŸã€æ—ºé•¿æœŸå’Œæˆç†ŸæœŸå››ä¸ªé˜¶æ®µã€‚苗期包括苗床期和移栽后的缓苗期åQŒè¿™ä¸€æ—¶æœŸå¯ÒŽÛ、磷、钾å…Õdˆ†å¸æ”¶é‡ä¸å¤§ã€‚大田移栽缓苗后åQŒèŒŽå¶æ ¹ç”Ÿé•¿é€æ¸åŠ å¿«åQŒè‡³å›¢æ£µæœŸä»ä»¥è¥å…ȝ”Ÿé•¿äؓ主,对肥水要求显著增多。从团棵到现蕾,烟草植株˜q›å…¥æ—ºç››ç”Ÿé•¿æ—¶æœŸåQŒå¶ç‰‡æ•°ã€å¶é¢ç§¯ã€å¹²ç‰©è´¨¿U¯ç¯˜q…速增加,是决定叶数、叶面积和叶重的关键时期åQŒä¹Ÿæ˜¯å†³å®šäñ”量和品质的重要阶ŒDüc€‚成熟期烟草对养分的吸收量显著减ž®‘,避免施肥åQŒä»¥åˆ©é€‚时落黄åQŒåŞ成优质烟ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 苗床期一般单施生物有æœø™‚¥å›_¯åQŒç”¨é‡äؓ每åã^方米</span>2<span>公斤åQŒåœ¨æ•´åœ°æ—¶æ’’施。大田施肥有åŸø™‚¥å’Œè¿½è‚¥ä¸¤¿Uæ–¹å¼ã€‚基肥选用生物有机肥,在移栽前施入土壤åQŒäº©ç”¨é‡ä¸?/span><span>200</span><span>公斤åQŒç©´æ–½æˆ–沟施。烟草喜好钾肥和¼‹æ€æÛ肥,忌氯¼›Õd­åQŒç»“合生物有æœø™‚¥é…æ–½ä¸€å®šé‡çš„硝酔R“µå’Œç¡«é…”R’¾æˆ–硝酔R’¾åQŒå¯¹çƒŸè‰ç”Ÿé•¿å’Œå“è´¨æé«˜æœ‰åˆ©ã€‚烟草追肥以速效氮肥和生物有æœø™‚¥æ·äh–½ä¸ÞZ¸»åQŒæ–½è‚¥æ—¶é—´åœ¨å›¢æ£µæœŸä¸€‹Æ¡æ€§è¿½­‘Œ™‚¥æ–™ã€‚æÛ肥一般ä‹É用硫酔R“µæˆ–尿素,亩追æ–?/span><span>5--10</span><span>公斤ž®¿ç´ æˆ?/span><span>10--15</span><span>公斤¼‹«é…¸é“µï¼Œé…æ–½</span><span>40--50</span><span>公斤生物有机肥,在施肥时ž®†é€Ÿæ•ˆæ°®è‚¥å’Œç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥å……分混匀后,沟施或穴施ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 21.<span>油菜怎样施用生物有机è‚?/span><span>                                                   </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal">  <span>油菜是我国主要æÑa料作物之一åQŒä¸Žå…¶ä»–作物相比åQŒå…·æœ‰éœ€è‚¥é‡å¤§ï¼Œè€è‚¥æ€§å¼ºçš„特炏V€‚æÑa菜一生分苗期、现蕾期、薹花期和成熟期四个阶段。æÑa菜各生育阶段å¯ÒŽÛ、磷、钾½{‰è¥å…ȝ‰©è´¨çš„需求和比例不同åQŒä¸åŒæÑa菜品¿Uä¹‹é—´çš„营养期差别较大,生育期短的春油菜不èƒö</span><span>100</span><span>天,而晚熟冬油菜生育期长可达åˆ?/span><span>270</span><span>天左叟뀂苗期相对较长,虽对å…Õdˆ†çš„需求量较少åQŒä½†˜q™ä¸€æ—¶æœŸæ˜¯ä¾§æžç”Ÿé•¿å’ŒèŠÞpŠ½åˆ†åŒ–的关键时期,对营å…ȝ‰©è´¨ç‰¹åˆ«æ•æ„Ÿï¼Œæ˜¥æÑa菜要争取早追提苗肥,促苗早发åQŒåŸ¹è‚²å£®è‹—,冬æÑa菜则必须在春季追施è“víw«è‚¥ã€‚薹花期是æÑa菜生长旺盛的时期åQŒä¹Ÿæ˜¯å†³å®šäñ”量的关键时期åQŒæ­¤åŽéœ€è‚¥é‡æ˜¾è‘—下降åQŒè‚¥æ–™è¿‡é‡åè€Œä¼šå¯ÆD‡´è´ªé’晚熟ã€?</span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 油菜施用生物有机肥的原则是施­‘›_Ÿºè‚¥ã€é€‚æ—¶˜q½è‚¥ã€‚基肥亩选用生物有机è‚?/span>200<span>公斤åQŒåœ¨è€•ä½œæ•´åœ°æ—¶æ–½å…¥åœŸå£?/span><span>10--15</span><span>厘米的耕层中。春油菜在开花初期亩用生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>25</span><span>公斤åQŒé…æ–½å°¿ç´?/span><span>5</span><span>公斤åQŒæ؜合均匀后沟施或½I´æ–½ã€‚冬油菜在开春提íw«æ—¶äº©ç”¨ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>50</span><span>公斤åQŒé…æ–½å°¿ç´?/span><span>10</span><span>公斤åQŒæ؜合均匀后沟施或½I´æ–½ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 油菜对硼肥反应比较敏感,¾~ºç¡¼ä¼šå¼•èµïL”Ÿç†æœºèƒ½ç—…å®»I¼Œæ ¹ç³»å‘育不良åQŒä¼šå‘生</span>"<span>èŠÞp€Œä¸å®?/span><span>"</span><span>现象åQŒåª„响äñ”量和品质。在施用生物有机肥作åŸø™‚¥æ—Óž¼Œäº©é…åˆæ–½å…?/span><span>500--1000</span><span>克硼砂,对促˜q›ç”ŸŒD–器官发肌ӀèŠ±¾_‰ç²’萌发及花¾_‰ç®¡ä¼”R•¿æœ‰åˆº‹È€ä½œç”¨åQŒå¯¹æ²¹èœçš„生育十分重要。若前期未施¼‹ÆD‚¥çš„田块,在æÑa菜越冬前åQ?/span><span>5--7</span><span>叶期åQ‰å’Œè‹”期åQˆè‹”é«?/span><span>10-16</span><span>厘米åQ‰æ—¶åQŒå¶é¢å–·æ–½æµ“度äؓ</span><span>0.1--0.2%</span><span>的硼肥各一‹Æ¡ï¼Œäº©å–·æ–½ç¡¼è‚?/span><span>75</span><span>千克åQ?也可辑ֈ°ç›¸åŒçš„效果ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 22.<span>èŠÞq”Ÿå¦‚何施用生物有机è‚?/span><span>                                                            </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> èŠÞq”Ÿæ˜¯é‡è¦çš„æ²ÒŽ–™ä½œç‰©åQŒåœ¨æˆ‘国北方地区¿Uæ¤è¾ƒå¤šã€‚花生一生分ä¸ø™‹—期、花针期、结荚期和饱果成熟期四个阶段。苗期对å…Õdˆ†çš„需求量较少åQŒä½†˜q™ä¸€æ—¶æœŸæ˜¯ä¾§æžç”Ÿé•¿å’ŒèŠÞpŠ½åˆ†åŒ–的关键时期,对营å…ȝ‰©è´¨ç‰¹åˆ«æ•æ„Ÿã€‚花针期吸收量显著增加,¾l“荚期对氮、磷、钾的吸收达到高峎ͼŒé¥±æžœæˆç†ŸåŽåˆ™å¯¹å…»åˆ†éœ€æ±‚减ž®‘ã€?</p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> èŠÞq”Ÿå–œè€•å±‚肥沃的砂壤土åQŒæ–½è‚¥ä»¥åŸø™‚¥ä¸ÞZ¸»åQŒå› åœ°åˆ¶å®œé…åˆè¿½è‚¥ã€‚选用生物有机肥作ä¸ø™Š±ç”Ÿç§æ¤ç”¨è‚¥ï¼Œæ—¢èƒ½æ»¡èƒöèŠÞq”Ÿå¯¹å„¿UçŸ¿è´¨å…ƒç´ çš„全面需求,又能改良土壤、培肥地力,ä¸ø™Š±ç”Ÿç”Ÿé•¿åˆ›é€ è‰¯å¥½çš„土壤环境。花生施用生物有æœø™‚¥å¯é‡‡ç”¨ç§è‚¥å’ŒåŸø™‚¥é…åˆçš„施用方法。种肥是ž®?/span>4<span>公斤生物有机肥与亩用èŠÞq”Ÿ¿Uå­æ·äh‹Œå‡åŒ€åŽæ’­¿Uã€‚基肥采取穴施的æ–ÒŽ³•åQŒäº©ç”¨ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>100--150</span><span>公斤åQŒæ–½è‚¥åƈ覆盖</span><span>2</span><span>厘米土后åQŒå°†¿Uå­ç‚ÒŽ’­åœ¨ç©´ä¸­ç¦»è‚¥æ–™</span><span>5</span><span>厘米的地斏V€‚根据苗情和地力情况åQŒå¯é€‚当˜q½è‚¥ä»¥è¡¥å……花生的阶段å…Õdˆ†éœ€æ±‚。追肥要在始花前˜q›è¡ŒåQŒäº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>40</span><span>公斤åQŒè¿‡¼‚·é…¸é’?/span><span>5</span><span>秒拍真空小视频公斤åQŒç»“合中耕培土施入ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 23.<span>薯类作物如何巧用生物有机è‚?/span><span>                                                </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 薯类作物主要包括甘薯、马铃薯½{‰éžè°ïL±»¾_®é£Ÿä½œç‰©ã€‚è¿™¾cÖM½œç‰©çš„产品器官生长在土壤中åQŒå› æ­¤å¯¹åœŸå£¤ç†åŒ–性状要求比较严格åQŒé€æ°”性好、富含有æœø™´¨çš„地块有利于作物生长。薯¾cÖM½œç‰©ä¸€ç”Ÿåˆ†ä¸ºç”Ÿé•¿å‰æœŸå’Œå—æ ¹åQˆèŒŽåQ‰è†¨å¤§æœŸã€‚在生长的前期对å…Õdˆ†çš„需求较ž®‘,但十分敏感,¾~ø™‚¥ä¼šä¸¥é‡åª„响茎叶生长和根系发育åQŒä»Žè€Œåª„响块根(块茎åQ‰çš„形成。块根(茎)膨大期是åœîC¸Šã€åœ°ä¸‹ç”Ÿé•¿æ—ºç››çš„时期åQŒéœ€è‚¥å¤šåQŒä¹Ÿæ˜¯æ–½è‚¥çš„关键时期ã€?</p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 薯类作物喜耕层深厚的肥沃土壤,ž®¤å…¶å¯šw’¾çš„需求远多于其他作物åQŒæ˜¯å–œé’¾ä½œç‰©ã€‚基肥多施有æœø™´¨æ˜¯é«˜äº§ç¨³äº§çš„关键。薯¾cÖM½œç‰©æ–½ç”¨ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥åQŒä¸ä»…能保证持箋的养分供应,同时可以改良土壤åQŒå¢žåŠ åœŸå£¤æœ‰æœø™´¨å’Œæœ‰ç›Šå¾®ç”Ÿç‰©åQŒå¢žå¼ºåœŸå£¤ä¿è‚¥ä¿æ°´èƒ½åŠ›ã€‚è–¯¾cÖM½œç‰©çš„åŸø™‚¥æ–½ç”¨é‡æ ¹æ®å…¶æ–½è‚¥æ–ÒŽ³•è€Œæœ‰æ‰€ä¸åŒåQŒæ²Ÿæ–½ä¸€èˆ¬äº©ç”¨ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span>100<span>公斤åQŒç©´æ–½äº©ç”?/span><span>50</span><span>公斤。施肥时要结合耕翻整地ž®†ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥æ–½å…¥åˆ°åœŸè¡¨ä¸‹</span><span>25--35</span><span>厘米的根¾pÕdˆ†å¸ƒå±‚。对于甘薯等¿UÀL ½çš„è–¯¾cÖM½œç‰©ï¼Œä¹Ÿå¯é…åˆè˜¸æ ¹çš„方法,增加植株周围的有益微生物和有æœø™´¨åQŒæé«˜ç”Ÿæ ¹èƒ½åŠ›ã€‚追肥应在苗期或块根åQˆèŒŽåQ‰è†¨å¤§å‰æœŸè¿›è¡Œï¼Œäº©ç”¨ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>25</span><span>公斤沟施或穴施,若æ؜é…?/span><span>2--3</span><span>秒拍真空小视频公斤¼‹«é…¸é’¾ï¼Œæ•ˆæžœä¼šæ›´å¥½ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 24.<span>豆类作物如何施用生物有机è‚?/span><span>                                                </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>豆类作物主要包括大豆、绿豆、蚕豆、豌豆等åQŒä¹ŸåŒ…括同属豆科植物的菜豆、豇豆等蔬菜åQŒè¿™é‡Œä¸»è¦ä»‹¾lçš„是以收获成熟¿Uç²’ä¸ÞZ¸»çš„豆¾cÖM½œç‰©ã€‚豆¿U‘作物对土壤的适应性较强,在土质è‚÷瘠的地块也能正常生长åQŒä½†äº§é‡å’Œæ•ˆç›Šæ¯”低。豆¿U‘作物一生可分äؓ苗期、分枝期、开èŠÞq»“荚期和鼓¾_’成熟期½{‰å‡ ä¸ªç”Ÿè‚²æ—¶æœŸã€‚幼苗出土后几天即从土壤中吸收养分,此时需肥量不大åQŒä½†å¾ˆæ•æ„Ÿã€‚植株生长进入分枝期åQŒå¯¹å…Õdˆ†çš„吸攉™‡˜q…速增加,至盛花期åQŒæÛ的吸收达到高峰。在开èŠÞq»“荚期åQŒç£·ã€é’¾çš„吸收达到高峎ͼŒòq¶èƒ½æŒç®‹</span>30--40<span>天。鼓¾_’成熟期以后åQŒå¯¹å…Õdˆ†çš„吸攉™€æ¸å‡å°‘ã€?</span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 一般地块种植豆¿U‘作物,土壤中原有的营养元素往往不能满èƒö作物生长的需要,必须通过施肥加以补充。这¾cÖM½œç‰©ï¼Œéœ€è‚¥åœ¨ä¸åŒçš„生育阶ŒDµä¸ä¸€æ øP¼Œä¸€èˆ¬æ–½­‘›_Ÿºè‚¥ï¼Œç”Ÿé•¿æœŸé—´æ ÒŽ®è‹—情适当˜q½è‚¥</span>1--2<span>‹Æ¡å³èƒ½æ»¡­‘³éœ€è¦ã€‚豆¿U‘作物选用生物有机肥,施肥的原则是生物有机肥和化肥配合施用。基肥亩用生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>150</span><span>公斤åQŒåœ¨æ’­ç§æ—¶æ²Ÿæ–½æˆ–½I´æ–½åQŒæ–½è‚¥åƈ覆土</span><span>2</span><span>厘米后播¿Uã€‚若配合生物有机肥添加一定量的磷肥效果会更明显。豆¾cÖM½œç‰©è¿½è‚¥æ—¶æœŸæ˜¯å¼€èŠÞq»“荚期åQŒåœŸå£¤è‚¥åŠ›ä½Žã€è‹—期生长弱的则应提前到苗期˜q½è‚¥ã€‚豆¾cÖM½œç‰©è¿½è‚¥äº©ç”¨ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>50</span><span>秒拍真空小视频公斤ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>豆类作物对微量元素钼å…ähœ‰è¾ƒå¼ºçš„要求,钼参与固氮作用,òq¶èƒ½æé«˜æ°®ã€ç£·ã€é’¾è‚¥çš„肥效åQŒç¼ºé’¼å¯ä½¿æ ¹ç˜¤èŒå¤±åŽ»å›ºæÛ能力。在施用生物有机肥时åQŒäº©é…æ–½</span>500--1000<span>克钼酔R“µåQŒå¢žäº§å¯è¾‘Öˆ°</span><span>10--20%</span><span>ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 25.<span>黄姜如何施用生物有机è‚?/span><span>                                                     </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>黄姜åœîC¸Šç€ç”Ÿè˜‘蔓,攀¾~˜æ€§å¼ºåQŒåœ°ä¸‹ç€ç”Ÿæ ¹å£®èŒŽ</span>(<span>块姜</span><span>)</span><span>åQŒä¸»è¦åˆ©ç”¨å…¶æ ¹å£®èŒŽæå–皂素、双烯,以及合成多种‹È€ç´ è¯ç‰©ï¼Œæ˜¯ä¸€¿Uè¯ç”¨æ¤ç‰©ã€‚黄姜是收获åœîC¸‹æ ¹çŠ¶èŒŽçš„植物åQŒå®ƒä¸ä»…需要从土壤中吸收供¾l™åœ°ä¸Šéƒ¨ç”Ÿé•¿å‘育所需的养分,而且根状茎本íw«ç”ŸäºŽåœŸå£¤ä¸­åQŒè¦åœ¨åœŸå£¤ä¸­å¢žç”Ÿè†¨å¤§ã€‚因此,选好地是夺取优质高äñ”的前提。大ç”îCh工栽培,选择土质疏松åQŒè‚¥æ²ƒï¼ŒåœŸå±‚深厚åQŒæœ‰æœø™´¨å«é‡è¾ƒé«˜åQŒæŽ’水良好,坡度åœ?/span><span>30</span><span>度以内,</span><span>pH</span><span>值在</span><span>6--8</span><span>秒拍真空小视频之间的沙质壤土或ž®é»„土äؓ宜ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 采用根状茎繁ŒD–,一‹Æ¡æ–½­‘›_Ÿºè‚¥æ˜¯å¤ºå–优质高äñ”的重要措施之一。基肥亩施生物有æœø™‚¥</span>200<span>公斤åQŒè¿‡¼‚·é…¸é’?/span><span>100</span><span>公斤åQŒå°¿ç´?/span><span>10</span><span>公斤åQŒç¡«é…”R’¾</span><span>20</span><span>公斤。基肥在整地时翻入土中,也可以采用集中施肥方法,卛_œ¨æ’­ç§æ—¶å¼€æ²Ÿæˆ–挖穴施入。采用种子繁ŒD–,播前亩施入生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>300--400</span><span>公斤åQŒè¿‡¼‚·é…¸é’?/span><span>100</span><span>公斤åQŒå°¿ç´?/span><span>20</span><span>公斤åQŒæ·±¾˜È»†è€™ï¼Œä½œæˆå®?/span><span>1--1.2</span><span>¾c»I¼Œé•¿å› åœ°åŞ而定的畦åQŒç•¦é¢è¦æ±‚åã^整疏松ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 当苗é«?/span>30<span>厘米åQŒå…·æœ?/span><span>1--2</span><span>个小分枝时进行次˜q½è‚¥åQŒäº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>40</span><span>公斤åQ›ç«‹¿U‹å‰åŽï¼Œä¸‰é©¬æˆæœŸåQŒæ˜¯ç”Ÿé•¿çš„è{折时期,需˜q›è¡Œ½W?/span><span>2</span><span>‹Æ¡è¿½è‚¥ï¼Œäº©è¿½æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>40--60</span><span>公斤åQ›ç«‹¿U‹ä»¥åŽï¼Œ¾l“合培土˜q›è¡Œ½W?/span><span>3</span><span>‹Æ¡è¿½è‚¥ï¼Œäº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>40</span><span>公斤åQŒæ–¹æ³•æ˜¯ž®†è‚¥æ–™æ’’施沟内,‹¹…中耕后再培土,培土后浇水一‹Æ¡ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 26.<span>芦荟怎样施用生物有机è‚?/span><span>                                                   </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal">  <span>芦荟原äñ”于非‹z²å—部热带干旱地区,是一¿Ué›†å¤©ç„¶è¯ç‰©ã€é£Ÿç”¨ç¾Žå®V€è§‚赏于一íw«çš„保健植物新星åQŒé€‚合我国目前¾læµŽå‘展和大众心理要求趋势,ä»?/span><span>20</span><span>世纪</span><span>80</span><span>òq´ä»£åŽæœŸå¼€å§‹ï¼Œåœ¨æˆ‘国各地种植面¿U¯æ€¥å‰§æ‰©å¤§ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 芦荟是多òq´ç”Ÿæ¤ç‰©åQŒç”Ÿè‚²æœŸé•¿ï¼Œäº§é‡å¤§ï¼Œåœ°åŠ›æ¶ˆè€—也大,¿Uæ¤ä¸€å®šè¦æ–½èƒöåŸø™‚¥ã€‚选择肥沃疏松、排水良好的砂壤土,在翻耕作畦过½E‹ä¸­åQŒäº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span>200--250<span>公斤åQŒé…æ–½è¿‡¼‚·é…¸é’?/span><span>50</span><span>公斤åQŒæ؜拌均匀。施肥也可采用穴施,卛_œ¨¿UÀL ½æ—¶æ¯½I´æ–½å…¥ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>200</span><span>克,˜q‡ç£·é…”R’™</span><span>10</span><span>秒拍真空小视频克作åŸø™‚¥ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> ä¸ÞZ¿ƒ˜q›èŠ¦èŸæ¤æ ªç”Ÿé•¿ï¼Œå¿…须及时˜q½è‚¥åQŒè¿½è‚¥ä»¥ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚¥äؓ主,原则上少施、勤施。施肥量按生长时期来¼‹®å®šåQŒä¸€èˆ¬éœ²åœ°æ ½åŸ¹èŠ¦èŸæ ªæ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span>100--300<span>克,保护地设施栽åŸÒŽ ªæ–?/span><span>200--500</span><span>克。春¿U‹æ˜¯èŠ¦èŸç”Ÿé•¿çš„旺季,施肥量适当多而勤åQ›å¤å†¬å­£æ–½è‚¥é‡å°åQŒæ¬¡æ•°è¦ž®‘,冬季更应量小åQŒå¯é€‰æ‹©æ–½è‚¥é‡çš„下限。成株芦荟施肥量和次数比ž®è‹—和老株芦荟要大得多åQŒä¸€èˆ¬é€‰æ‹©æ–½è‚¥é‡çš„上限ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 27.<span>竹笋怎样施用生物有机è‚?/span><span>                                                    </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>竹笋是禾本科多年生植物竹子的嫩茎。中国是食笋早的国家之一åQŒè‡³ä»Šå·²æœ?/span>3000<span>多年的历双Ӏ‚竹½W‹ä¸»è¦äñ”于中国长江流域及南方各地åQŒæ‹¥æœ‰ç›¸å½“丰富的营养价å€û|¼Œå…¶ç‰¹æœ‰çš„¾_—纤¾l´ã€ä¸°å¯Œçš„微量元素以及多种¾l´ç”Ÿç´ å’Œæ°¨åŸºé…¸ï¼Œæ— æ±¡æŸ“的生长环境½{‰å·²ä½¿å…¶è¢«è®¤ä¸ºæ˜¯çš„绿色食品。竹½W‹ç²—生快长,是一¿UæŠ•èµ„少、收益快、效益高的竹¾c»è‰¯¿Uç»‹¹Žä½œç‰©ã€‚竹½W‹çš„¿Uç±»å¾ˆå¤šåQŒå¯ä»¥åˆ†ä¸ºå†¬å­£é‡‡æ‘˜çš„冬笋åQŒæ˜¥å­£é‡‡æ‘˜çš„春笋åQŒä»¥åŠå¤å­£é‡‡æ‘˜çš„鞭笋。冬½W‹äؓ毛竹冬季生于åœîC¸‹çš„å«©½W‹ï¼Œç™½è‰²åQŒè´¨å«©ï¼Œå‘³ç¾ŽåQ›éž­½W‹äؓ毛竹夏季生长在惔土中的嫩杈头åQŒçŠ¶å¦‚马鞭,色白åQŒè´¨è„†ï¼Œå‘›_¾®è‹¦è€Œé²œã€?</span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 竹子一般生长的山坡圎ͼŒéœ€è‚¥é‡è¾ƒå°åQŒä½†ä»¥ç«¹½W‹äؓ主要收获物的ç«ÒŽž—需肥量很大åQŒå¿…™åÕdŠæ—¶è¡¥å……竹子生长所需的营å…ȝ‰©è´¨ï¼Œæ‰èƒ½æ”¶èŽ·åˆ°æ›´å¤šä¼˜è´¨çš„竹笋。以竹笋为收èŽïL‰©çš„竹林,一般每òq´æœ‰å››æ¬¡æ–½è‚¥ã€‚次是每òq?/span>5--6<span>月的发鞭长竹肥,亩施生物有机è‚?/span><span>60--80</span><span>公斤。第二次æ˜?/span><span>8--9</span><span>月的½W‹èŠ½åˆ†åŒ–肥,亩施生物有机è‚?/span><span>100--150</span><span>公斤。第三次æ˜?/span><span>11--12</span><span>月的孕笋肥,亩施生物有机è‚?/span><span>300--400</span><span>公斤。第四次是次òq?/span><span>4</span><span>月的发笋肥,亩施生物有机è‚?/span><span>80--100</span><span>公斤。竹½W‹é‡‡ç”¨æ²Ÿæ–½ã€æ ªæ–½æˆ–兜施的方法追肥。沟施是沿水òq³çº¿å¼€æ²Ÿï¼Œæ·?/span><span>15--20</span><span>厘米åQŒæ–½è‚¥åŽè¦†åœŸítå®žåQŒä»¥å‡å°‘‹¹å¤±åQ›æ ªæ–½æ˜¯åœ¨ç«¹å­ä¸Šå¡æ–¹å?/span><span>30</span><span>厘米处开半月形沟åQŒæ·±</span><span>15</span><span>秒拍真空小视频厘米左右åQŒæ–½è‚¥åŽè¦†åœŸítå®žåQ›ç¯¼æ–½åˆ™ä¸»è¦ç”¨äºŽé™¡å¡ç«ÒŽž—åQŒåœ¨ç«¹å­ä¸Šå¡ç´§è„“竹篼挖洞åQŒæ”¾å…¥ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥åQŒè¦†åœŸåŽ‹å®žã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 竹笋有大ž®å¹´ä¹‹åˆ†åQŒä¸åŒçš„òq´ä†¾æ–½è‚¥æ—‰™—´æœ‰æ‰€å˜åŒ–ã€?/span>"<span>冬笋ž®å¹´åQŒæ˜¥½W‹å¤§òq?/span><span>"</span><span>的年份,施肥重点åœ?/span><span>5--6</span><span>月;</span><span>"</span><span>冬笋大年åQŒæ˜¥½W‹å°òq?/span><span>"</span><span>的年份,重点ä¸?/span><span>5--6</span><span>月的发鞭长竹肥和</span><span>8--9</span><span>月的½W‹èŠ½åˆ†åŒ–è‚¥ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 28.<span>芦笋怎样施用生物有机è‚?/span><span>                                                    </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>芦笋是风靡世界的高档营养保健蔬菜åQŒå®ƒä¸ä»…å…ähœ‰ä¸°å¯Œçš„营养,而且å…ähœ‰æžé«˜çš„药用ä­h倹{€‚芦½W‹åŽŸäº§åœ°ä¸­æ“v沿岸、小亚细亚及苏联高加索、伏ž®”加沛_’Œé¢å°”齐斯æ²Ïx³›æ»¥åŒºåQŒæˆ‘国大多数省的气候条件均能适宜栽培芦笋。芦½W‹æ ¹é‡å¤§åQŒæ ¹¾Ÿ¤å‘达,一èˆ?/span>2<span>òq´ç”Ÿçš„植株,åœîC¸‹æ ¹å¯è¾?/span><span>500</span><span>一</span><span>600</span><span>秒拍真空小视频条,适合在排灌良好、土层深厚、疏松、肥沃、保水肥力强、地下水位较低、富含有æœø™´¨çš„沙质壤土和沙质土上栽培。芦½W‹çš„嫩茎在未出土前经培土软化后采收的为白芦笋åQ›è€Œå«©èŒŽæœª¾låŸ¹åœŸèÊY化,出土后经日照变绿采收的äؓ¾l¿èŠ¦½W‹ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 芦笋苗床育苗åQŒé€‰æ‹©è‚¥æ²ƒç–æ¾çš„菜园地作苗床。按每åã^方米苗床用生物有æœø™‚¥</span>2<span>公斤的量均匀撒施åQŒæ·±¾˜?/span><span>30--40</span><span>厘米åQŒæ•´òq›_Žåšç•¦ã€‚齐苗后当苗é«?/span><span>10</span><span>厘米æ—Óž¼Œæ¯éš”半个月追</span><span>1</span><span>‹Æ¡è‚¥æ°ß_¼Œäº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>20</span><span>公斤或腐熟粪水。芦½W‹è¥å…ÖM½“育苗åQŒå…·æœ‰ç¾ƒçŸ­è‹—龄、定植后‹zÀL£µå¿«ã€ä¸å ç”¨è€•åœ°½{‰ç‰¹ç‚¹ï¼Œå·²è¢«ç”Ÿäñ”上广泛利用。按</span><span>70%</span><span>菜园土ã€?/span><span>15%</span><span>¾l†æ²™ã€?/span><span>5%</span><span>生物有机肥ã€?/span><span>7%</span><span>草木灰ã€?/span><span>1%</span><span>ž®¿ç´ ã€?/span><span>2%</span><span>˜q‡ç£·é…”R’™é…æˆè¥å…»åœŸã€‚出苗后</span><span>20</span><span>秒拍真空小视频天开始追施腐熟的¾_ªæ°´åQŒä¿ƒä½¿å¹¼è‹—生长健壮ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 整地前亩施生物有æœø™‚¥</span>250--300<span>公斤作基肥,耕翻</span><span>35--40</span><span>厘米åQŒåå¤è€•è€™åŽæ•´åã^土壤åQŒä½œæˆå—北方向的高畦åQŒåœ¨ç•¦é¢ä¸Šå¼€å®šæ¤æ²Ÿï¼Œæ ½åŸ¹ç™½èŠ¦½W‹æŒ‰è¡Œè·</span><span>1.8--2.0</span><span>¾c³é—´è·æŒ–沟;栽培¾l¿èŠ¦½W‹å› é‡‡ç¬‹æœŸä¸éœ€è¦èÊY化,行距可窄åQŒæŒ‰</span><span>1.3--1.5</span><span>¾c›_¼€æ²Ÿã€‚定植沟å®?/span><span>30--40</span><span>厘米åQŒæ·±</span><span>35</span><span>厘米左右åQŒæ²Ÿå†…亩施尿ç´?/span><span>l0</span><span>公斤、过¼‚·é…¸é’?/span><span>30</span><span>公斤、氯化钾</span><span>10</span><span>公斤ã€?/span><span>6</span><span>秒拍真空小视频月上、中旬定植。定植后土要ítå®žåQŒåƈ‹¹‡èƒö定根æ°ß_¼Œåšåˆ°å½“天赯‚‹—åQŒå½“天定植ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 29.<span>花椰菜如何施用生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>                                                  </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal">  <span>花椰菜是以花球äؓ产品的十字花¿U‘甘蓝类蔬菜åQŒå…¶ç”Ÿé•¿åˆ†å‘芽期、幼苗期、莲坐期、花球成熟期与抽薹开èŠÞq»“果期五个阶段。花椰菜根系分布‹¹…,ä¸ÀL ¹¾Ÿ¤å¯†é›†åœ¨</span><span>12--15</span><span>厘米土层。花椰菜需肥量大,必须选择肥沃、疏松,富含有机质,保肥、保水性能好的壤土或粘质壤土,˜q˜é¡»æ–½èƒöåŸø™‚¥ã€‚基肥一般亩施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>140--160</span><span>公斤。花椰菜的大田管理主要分三个阶段。阶ŒDµäؓ扎根期,¾~“苗后施ž®‘量腐熟¾_ªæ°´åQŒç¬¬äºŒé˜¶ŒDµäؓ旺盛期,是莲座叶生长和花芽发育阶ŒDµï¼Œäº©å¸¦æ°´æ–½¼‹«é…¸é“?/span><span>6--8</span><span>公斤åQŒéš”</span><span>8--10</span><span>天施</span><span>1</span><span>‹Æ¡ã€‚第三阶ŒDµäؓ¾l“球期,栽培上要保证­‘Œ™‚¥­‘Ïx°´åQŒä¿ƒ˜q›èŠ±çƒè†¨å¤§ã€ç´§å®žã€‚一般利用灌水亩施硫酔R“µ</span><span>25</span><span>公斤左右åQŒæ¯éš?/span><span>8--10</span><span>天追è‚?/span><span>1</span><span>秒拍真空小视频‹Æ¡ï¼Œç›´åˆ°èŠÞqƒå……分长大为止ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 30.<span>¾l¿å¶¾c»è”¬èœå¦‚何施用生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>                                              </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> ¾l¿å¶¾c»è”¬èœçš„¿Uç±»å¤šï¼Œæ¶‰åŠåˆ°æ¤ç‰©å­¦ä¸Šçš„许多¿U‘,包括芹菜、菠菜、茼蒿等。绿叶类蔬菜生长期短åQŒæ ªåž‹å°åQŒæ ¹¾pÀLµ…åQŒå•æ ªäñ”量低åQŒç§æ¤æ ªæ•°å¤šåQŒä»¥æ’’播或高密度定植ä¸ÞZ¸»åQŒä¸€òq´å¯å¤šèŒ¬‹Æ¡æ ½åŸ¹ï¼Œå¯¹åœŸå£¤è‚¥æ°´çš„要求严格ã€?</p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 芹菜可在春、秋两季˜q›è¡Œéœ²åœ°æ ½åŸ¹åQŒç§‹å†¬å’Œæ—©æ˜¥å¯è¿›è¡Œä¿æŠ¤åœ°æ ½åŸ¹ã€‚夏¿U‹å­£è‹—床上要加荫‹‚šï¼Œé˜²æ­¢é›¨æ°´å†²åˆ·å’Œé˜³å…‰ç›´ž®„。芹菜需肥量大,定植前要施èƒöåŸø™‚¥åQŒä¸€èˆ¬äº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span>160--200<span>公斤åQŒåƈ适当施些¼‹¼å’Œé’™è‚¥ã€‚定植初期,òqÆD‹—生长¾~“æ…¢åQŒé€‚当˜q½æ–½è…ç†Ÿ¾_ªæ°´ã€‚定植后</span><span>30</span><span>天左叻I¼Œæ¤æ ª˜q›å…¥æ—ºç››ç”Ÿé•¿æœŸï¼Œ˜q½æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>40</span><span>公斤。立心期后,心叶˜q›å…¥ç”Ÿé•¿å’Œè‚¥å¤§å……实期åQŒäº©˜q½æ–½¼‹«é…¸é“?/span><span>10--15</span><span>公斤åQŒä»¥ä¿è¯å…Õdˆ†ä¾›åº”ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 菠菜以撒播äؓ主,播种密度大,多秋冬及早春栽培åQŒåˆ†‹Æ¡é‡‡æ”¶ã€‚菠菜一般选用肥力好的田块åQŒäº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span>100--120<span>公斤åQŒæ’­¿Uæµ…覆土后浇</span><span>1--2</span><span>‹Æ¡è…ç†Ÿç²ªæ°ß_¼Œå‡ø™‹—至采收期˜q½æ–½</span><span>2--3</span><span>‹Æ¡ï¼Œæ¯æ¬¡˜q½æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>20</span><span>公斤或腐熟粪水ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> èŒÆD’¿å±žæµ…æ ÒŽ€§è”¬èœï¼Œç”Ÿé•¿é€Ÿåº¦å¿«ï¼Œæ’­åŽ</span>40--50<span>天即可收èŽøP¼Œå•æ ªè¥å…»é¢ç§¯ž®ï¼Œè¦æ±‚å……èƒö的水分供应。茼蒿对土壤要求不甚严格åQŒä½†ä»¥è‚¥æ²ƒçš„壤土åQ?/span><span>pH</span><span>å€?/span><span>5.5--6.8</span><span>旉™€‚茼蒿生é•Ñ€‚茼蒿播¿Uæ—¶åQŒäº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>100--120</span><span>公斤åQŒé…æ–½è¿‡¼‚·é…¸é’?/span><span>40--60</span><span>公斤åQŒç¡«é…”R“µ</span><span>20</span><span>公斤。撒施地面,人工æ·Þq¿»</span><span>2</span><span>遍,肥料与土充分混匀后播¿Uã€‚æ’­¿UåŽè¦ä¿æŒåœ°é¢æ¹¿æ¶¦ï¼Œä»¥åˆ©å‡ø™‹—。苗é«?/span><span>9--12</span><span>厘米˜q½æ¬¡è‚¥ï¼Œéšæ°´äº©æ–½¼‹é…¸é“?/span><span>10--15</span><span>秒拍真空小视频公斤ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 31.<span>包心¾c»è”¬èœå¦‚何施用生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>                                              </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 包心¾c»è”¬èœåŒ…括大白菜、结球甘蓝、生菜等åQŒå…¶å…±åŒçš„特ç‚ÒŽ˜¯ä¾›é£Ÿçš„器官都以营å…ÖM½“ä¸ÞZ¸»ã€‚è¿™¾c»è”¬èœé™¤¾l“球叶菜外,一般生长均较短åQŒå°¤å…¶æ˜¯åˆæœŸçš„生长,对äñ”量品质媄响较大。同æ—Óž¼Œç”׃ºŽæ­¤ç±»è”¬èœå±žæµ…根型蔬菜åQŒæ ¹¾pÕd…¥åœŸæµ…åQŒåº”‹¹…层施肥ã€?</p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 大白菜根¾pÕd‘达,生长期间å¯ÒŽ°´ã€è‚¥éœ€æ±‚量大,òq¶æ˜“感染病虫実뀂种植要求选择土层深厚、疏松、肥沃;附近有水源且排灌方便åQŒå‰èŒ¬äؓ瓜类、豆¾cÖM½œç‰©çš„沙壤土或è½È²˜å£¤åœŸæ ½åŸ¹ã€‚结合耕地亩施生物有机è‚?/span>120--160<span>公斤åQŒè¿‡¼‚·é…¸é’?/span><span>20</span><span>公斤åQŒå…¶ä¸?/span><span>2</span><span>åQ?/span><span>3</span><span>的肥料施入土壤中、下层,</span><span>l</span><span>åQ?/span><span>3</span><span>肥料撒在地表。整òq›_œŸåœ°åŽåœ¨æ’­¿Uå‰</span><span>2--3</span><span>天作畦。夏大白菜生育期短,水肥½Ž¡ç†ä¸Šé‡‡å–一促到底的措施。定苗后åQŒäº©˜q½æ–½¼‹«é…¸é“?/span><span>15--20</span><span>公斤åQŒå…¶åŽé€‚当‹¹…中耕一‹Æ¡ï¼Œä¸è¹²è‹—。莲座末期亩施硫酔R“µ</span><span>25--30</span><span>公斤åQŒä¿ƒ˜q›æ¤æ ªæ—©¾l“球åQŒæ—©æˆç†Ÿã€‚秋大白菜生育期长,水肥½Ž¡ç†ä¸Šé‡‡å–前控、后促的办法。定苗后åQŒäº©˜q½æ–½¼‹«é…¸é“?/span><span>20--25</span><span>公斤。结球初期,随水冲施腐熟¾_ªæ°´åQŒç»“球中期亩˜q½æ–½¼‹«é…¸é“?/span><span>20--25</span><span>公斤ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> ¾l“球甘蓝易栽植,耐严寒,产量高。结球甘蓝选择土壤肥沃、排灌方ä¾Ñ€ä¸é‡èŒ¬çš„地块。每òqÏx–¹¾cŒ™‹—床施用生物有æœø™‚¥</span>2<span>公斤åQŒåƈ使生物有æœø™‚¥ä¸Žè‹—床土混合均匀åQŒç²¾¾l†æ•´åœ°æ’­¿Uè‚²è‹—。苗é¾?/span><span>30</span><span>天、幼è‹?/span><span>4--6</span><span>叶即可定植。栽前亩施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>120--160</span><span>公斤åQŒè“v垄单行定植。栽苗后‹¹‡æ°´åQŒç¼“苗后亩追施尿ç´?/span><span>10--15</span><span>公斤åQŒèŽ²åº§æœŸå‰åŽ˜q½è‚¥</span><span>2</span><span>‹Æ¡ï¼Œ¾l“合‹¹‡æ°´äº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>20--30</span><span>公斤。结球后åQŒåœæ­¢è‚¥æ°´ç®¡ç†ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 生菜又名叶用莴苣åQŒæ ¹¾pÀLµ…åQŒé¡»æ ¹å‘达,根群主要分布在地è¡?/span>20--30<span>厘米的土层中。茎短羃åQŒç”Ÿé•¿åŽæœŸäŽ×长,抽苔后åŞ成肉质茎。播¿Uå‰åQŒæ¯òqÏx–¹¾cÏx–½ç”¨ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>2</span><span>公斤åQŒä¸Žè‹—床土æ؜合均匀后播¿Uã€‚定植前先整地施肥,亩施生物有机è‚?/span><span>120--160</span><span>公斤åQŒç„¶åŽåšæˆ?/span><span>1</span><span>¾c›_®½çš„高畦,畦高</span><span>10--15</span><span>厘米。移栽缓苗后åQŒå³å¯è¿½è‚¥æµ‡æ°´ã€‚生菜蹲è‹?/span><span>5--7</span><span>天后åQŒäº©˜q½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>20</span><span>公斤åQŒéšæ°´è¿½è‚¥ï¼Œä¿æŒåœŸå£¤æ¹¿æ¶¦ã€‚在心叶内卷初期åQŒå¶é¢å–·æ–?/span><span>0.2%</span><span>ž®¿ç´ å’?/span><span>0.2%</span><span>秒拍真空小视频¼‚·é…¸äºŒæ°¢é’¾ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 32.<span>è‘Þp’œ¾c»è”¬èœæ€Žæ ·æ–½ç”¨ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>                                              </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> è‘Þp’œ¾c»è”¬èœå±žå•å­å¶äºŒòq´ç”Ÿä½œç‰©åQŒå…¶å‘Œ™¾›è¾£ï¼Œæ˜¯ç”Ÿ‹zÖM¸­å¿…不可少的调味类蔬菜åQŒæ·±å—欢˜qŽï¼Œåœ¨æˆ‘国各地都有种植。葱蒜类包括以鲜嫩茎叶供食用的大葱、韭菜和以嫩鳞茎供食的大蒜、洋è‘Þq­‰åQŒå…¶æ šwƒ¨çš„生长弱åQŒå…¥åœŸå‡‹¹…,吸水吸肥能力弱,对土壤肥力要求严æ û|¼Œž®¤å…¶æ˜¯åœ¨å¶ç”Ÿé•‰K‡˜q…速增加时åQŒè¦åŠæ—¶è¡¥å……植株生长所需的养分ã€?</p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 大葱选用地势òq›_¦ã€åœ°åŠ›è‚¥æ²ƒã€çŒæŽ’æ–¹ä¾Ñ€è€•ä½œå±‚厚的地块,茬口应选择三年内没¿Uè¿‡å¤§è‘±ã€æ´‹è‘±ã€å¤§è’œã€éŸ­èœçš„地块。育苗田每åã^方米施生物有æœø™‚¥</span>2<span>公斤åQŒæµ…è€?/span><span>25</span><span>厘米左右åQŒæ•´òqŒ™€§ç»†åQŒåšç•¦æ’­¿Uã€‚定植前åQŒå¤§ç”°é‡‡ç”¨æ²Ÿæ–½çš„æ–ÒŽ³•åQŒäº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>120</span><span>公斤作基肥。缓苗后åQŒæ–°å¶å¼€å§‹ç¼“慢生长,当葱白开始加长生长时åQŒåˆ™éœ€è¦å¼€å§‹è¿½è‚¥ï¼Œäº©ç”¨ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>40</span><span>公斤撒在垄背上,接着‹¹‡æ°´åQŒä»¥ä¿ƒç”Ÿé•Ñ€‚进入管状叶盛长期,</span><span>5--7</span><span>天浇æ³ég¸€‹Æ¡è…ç†Ÿç²ªæ°´ã€‚葱白äñ”量显著增长时期,要根据葱白高度适当培土åQŒåŸ¹åœŸåŽæ²Ÿå†…亩施生物有机è‚?/span><span>40</span><span>公斤åQŒé…æ–½å°¿ç´?/span><span>10</span><span>公斤、磷é…怺Œé“?/span><span>10</span><span>秒拍真空小视频公斤åQŒç„¶åŽä¸­è€•è¦†ç›–肥料,‹¹‡æ°´ä¿ƒè¿›è‚¥æ•ˆã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 大蒜适于富含有机质,疏松肥沃的沙壤土栽培。根据大蒜的根系特点åQŒå¤§è’œæ ½¿Uå‰åQŒè¦æ±‚土地精耕细耙,畦面òqÏx•´ã€‚大蒜对åŸø™‚¥è´¨é‡è¦æ±‚较高åQŒäº©é€‰æ‹©ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span>160--200<span>公斤åQŒä¸€‹Æ¡æ–½­‘Ÿë€‚大蒜的栽培形式分垄作和畦作两种åQŒæ˜¥å­£åž„作较好,植株受光好,地温上升快,å‡ø™‹—早,¿U‹æ’­å¤šé‡‡ç”¨åã^畦栽埏V€‚大蒜萌芽期åQŒä¸€èˆ¬ä¸éœ€è¾ƒå¤šæ°´è‚¥åQŒä¸»è¦æ˜¯ä¸­è€•æ¾åœŸï¼Œæé«˜åœ°æ¸©åQŒä¿ƒæ ¹å‚¬è‹—。抽薹分瓣时åQŒåŠ å¼ø™‚¥æ°ß_¼Œé€‚时收获蒜薹åQŒä¿ƒ˜q›è’œå¤´è‚¥å¤§ã€‚蒜薚w‡‡æ”¶åŽèŒŽå¶ä¸å†å¢žé•¿åQŒå¤§é‡å…»åˆ†å‘贮藏器官转运åQŒé³žèŠ½ç”Ÿé•¿åŠ é€Ÿã€‚此期应亩追施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>40</span><span>秒拍真空小视频公斤åQŒåƈ增加灌水‹Æ¡æ•°å’ŒåŠ å¤§çŒæ°´é‡åQŒä¿æŒåœŸå£¤æ¹¿æ¶¦ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 33.<span>豆类蔬菜如何施用生物有机è‚?/span><span>                                                </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>豆类蔬菜是指豆科一òq´ç”Ÿæˆ–二òq´ç”Ÿçš„草本植物,主要是指菜豆、豇豆、豌豆、毛豆、蚕豆、扁豆、刀豆、藜豆、四‹‚Þp±†½{?/span>9<span>个属的豆¾c»è”¬èœã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 菜豆又称玉豆、四季豆、龙芽豆½{‰ï¼ŒåŽŸäñ”中南¾ŸŽæ´²åQŒæ˜¯ä¸€òq´ç”Ÿè±†ç§‘植物åQŒç”Ÿè‚²é€‚宜温度ä¸?/span>10--30<span>℃,以春¿U‹ä¸¤å­£æ ½åŸ¹äؓ丅R€‚菜豆对土壤的适应范围较广åQŒé€‰æ‹©è‚¥æ²ƒã€æŽ’水良好、两òq´æœª¿Uè¿‡è±†ç§‘作物的壤土或沙壤土效果好。菜豆春植由于前期低温,要施­‘›_Ÿºè‚¥ï¼Œ</span><span>--</span><span>般亩施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>120--160</span><span>公斤。播¿UåŽ</span><span>25--30</span><span>天及时追肥,亩施生物有机è‚?/span><span>20</span><span>公斤加尿ç´?/span><span>5</span><span>公斤åQŒä»¥ä¿ƒè¿›æ¤æ ªç”Ÿé•¿ã€‚搭架前视生长情况追è‚?/span><span>l--2</span><span>‹Æ¡ã€‚秋植菜豆生长期短,开èŠÞq»“荚期比较集中åQŒéœ€è‚¥é‡å¤§ï¼Œé™¤æ–½­‘›_Ÿºè‚¥å¤–åQŒå‰æœŸè¦æ—©æ–½è‚¥ï¼Œä¿ƒè¿›ç”Ÿé•¿åQŒåœ¨ç‰‡çœŸå¶å±•å¼€åŽå³ç”¨ç²ªæ°´è¿½è‚¥ï¼Œä»¥åŽæ¯éš”</span><span>5--7</span><span>天追è‚?/span><span>1</span><span>‹Æ¡ï¼Œòq‰™€æ¸å¢žåŠ è‚¥æ–™‹¹“度。开èŠÞq»“荚后åQŒæ¤æ ªæ­¤æ—¶æœ‰å¤§é‡æ ¹ç˜¤å½¢æˆåQŒå›ºæ°®èƒ½åŠ›åŠ å¼ºï¼Œäº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>20</span><span>公斤加过¼‚·é…¸é’?/span><span>10</span><span>公斤和氯化钾</span><span>5</span><span>公斤。在采收盛期叉™¢å–äh´’</span><span>2%</span><span>的过¼‚·é…¸é’™åŠ </span><span>0.5%</span><span>秒拍真空小视频ž®¿ç´ åQŒå‡ž®‘落èŠÞp½èšã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 豇豆亦称豆角åQŒåŽŸäº§äºšçƒ­å¸¦åœ°åŒºåQŒè€çƒ­æ€§å¼ºè€Œä¸è€ä½Žæ¸©ï¼Œæ˜¯æ˜¥ã€å¤ã€ç§‹å­£çš„重要蔬菜之一。施­‘›_Ÿºè‚¥å¯¹è±‡è±†çš„生长有良好作用åQŒä¸€èˆ¬äº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span>160--200<span>公斤。豇豆在开èŠÞq»“荚前对肥料要求不多,前期应适当控制肥水åQŒå¦‚果幼苗生长太弱,可薄æ–?/span><span>1--2</span><span>‹Æ¡è…ç†Ÿç²ªæ°´ã€‚豇豆开èŠÞq»“荚期要消耗大量养分,对肥水要求较高,应浇­‘Ïx°´åQŒåŠæ—¶æ–½é‡è‚¥åQŒäº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>20</span><span>公斤åQŒé…æ–½è¿‡¼‚·é…¸é’?/span><span>10</span><span>公斤、氯化钾</span><span>5</span><span>公斤åQŒæ¯æ˜ŸæœŸå†å–·æ–½è…ç†Ÿç²ªæ°?/span><span>1</span><span>秒拍真空小视频‹Æ¡ï¼Œä»¥ä¿ƒ˜q›æ¤æ ªæ—ºç››ç”Ÿé•¿åŠå¤šå¼€èŠ±å¤š¾l“荚ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 豌豆又名荷兰豆,原äñ”åœîC¸­‹¹äh²¿å²¸ï¼Œä¸ÞZ¸€òq´ç”Ÿä½œç‰©åQŒå–œ‹Æ¢å†·å‡‰å¤©æ°”,生育适温ä¸?/span>9--23<span>℃。豌豆根¾pÕd‘达,根瘤较多åQŒéœ€æ°®è‚¥ä¸å¤šåQŒæ’­¿Uæ—¶äº©æ–½ç”¨ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>80--100</span><span>公斤作基肥。生长前期要控制氮肥的施用,如幼苗生长过弱,可追æ–?/span><span>1--2</span><span>‹Æ¡è…ç†Ÿç²ªæ°ß_¼Œä»¥ä¿ƒ˜q›ç”Ÿé•Ñ€‚å¼€èŠÞq»“荚盛期需肥量较大åQŒåº”适当补充氮肥åQŒäº©˜q½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>20</span><span>公斤、尿ç´?/span><span>5</span><span>公斤åQŒä»¥å¢žåŠ èŠ±é‡åQŒæé«˜ç»“荚率。一般情况下每周å–äh–½è…ç†Ÿ¾_ªæ°´</span><span>1</span><span>‹Æ¡ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 34.<span>根菜¾c»è”¬èœå¦‚何施用生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>                                              </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal">秒拍真空小视频 根菜¾c»è”¬èœåŒ…括的¿Uç±»è¾ƒå¹¿åQŒæœ‰åå­—èŠÞq§‘的萝卜、根用芥菜(大头菜)、芜菁甘蓝、芜菁和辣根åQ›ä¼žå½¢èŠ±¿U‘的胡萝卜等。供食用的äñ”品器官肉质直æ ÒŽž„造不一åQŒæ¤ç‰©å­¦ç‰ÒŽ€§çš„差异也较大,但在å…Õdˆ†çš„吸收和其它生物学特性方面亦有其共同之处。根菜类蔬菜¾pÀL·±æ ÒŽ€§æ¤ç‰©ï¼Œæ šwƒ¨ä¸ºå¸æ”¶å…»åˆ†å’Œæ°´åˆ†çš„主要器官,栚wƒ¨çš„发育及其在土壤中的分布åQŒå¯¹çŸ¿è´¨è¥å…»åŠæ°´åˆ†çš„吸收影响很大。这¾c»è”¬èœå¤šæ˜¯å¤¿U‹æ’­¿Uï¼Œž®”后在较高温度条件下生长åQŒè¾ƒä½Žæ¸©åº¦æ¡ä»¶ä¸‹ç›´æ ¹è†¨å¤§åQŒæ’­¿Uå½“òq´èŽ·å¾—肉质直根的商品产量。通过春化和光照阶ŒDµåŽåQŒç¬¬äºŒå¹´æ˜¥å¤æŠ½è–¹ã€å¼€èŠÞq»“果。其生长发育¾lè¿‡è¥å…»ç”Ÿé•¿å’Œç”ŸŒD–生长两个阶ŒDüc€?</p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 萝卜的生育期分äؓ营养生长期和生殖生长期,产品器官的åŞ成在营养生长期。萝卜根¾pÕd‘达,需要施­‘›_Ÿºè‚¥ï¼Œ</span>--<span>般基肥用量占æ€ÀL–½è‚¥é‡çš?/span><span>70%</span><span>。以¿Uå†¬èåœä¸ÞZ¾‹åQŒäº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>120--160</span><span>公斤、过¼‚·é…¸é’?/span><span>15--20</span><span>公斤åQŒè€•å…¥åœŸä¸­åQŒè€™åã^做畦。萝卜在生长前期åQŒéœ€æ°®è‚¥è¾ƒå¤šåQŒæœ‰åˆ©äºŽä¿ƒè¿›è¥å…»ç”Ÿé•¿åQ›ä¸­åŽæœŸåº”增施磷钾肥åQŒä»¥ä¿ƒè¿›è‚‰è´¨æ ¹çš„˜q…速膨大。一般中型萝卜追è‚?/span><span>3</span><span>‹Æ¡ä»¥ä¸Šï¼Œä¸»è¦åœ¨åœ°ä¸Šæ—ºç››ç”Ÿé•¿å‰æœŸæ–½ä¸‹ï¼Œã€ç¬¬äºŒæ¬¡˜q½è‚¥¾l“合匀苗进行,</span><span>"</span><span>破肚</span><span>"</span><span>时施½W¬ä¸‰‹Æ¡è¿½è‚¥ï¼Œäº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>10</span><span>公斤åQŒé…æ–½è¿‡¼‚·é…¸é’™ã€ç¡«é…”R’¾å?/span><span>5</span><span>公斤。大型萝å?/span><span>?quot;</span><span>露肩</span><span>"</span><span>æ—Óž¼Œäº©å†˜q½æ–½¼‹«é…¸é’?/span><span>5--10</span><span>公斤ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 胡萝卜营å…ȝ”Ÿé•¿æœŸå¯åˆ†ä¸ø™‹—期、叶丛生长期和肉质根生长期,其中肉质根生长期是需肥量大的时期。胡萝卜要选择土层深厚肥沃、排灌方ä¾Ñ€åœŸè´¨ç–æ„¡š„沙壤土或壤土。基肥亩施生物有æœø™‚¥</span>100--150<span>公斤åQŒé…æ–½è¿‡¼‚·é…¸é’?/span><span>25</span><span>公斤、硫酔R’¾</span><span>5</span><span>公斤åQŒæ·±è€?/span><span>25--30</span><span>厘米åQŒè€™åã^后作畦。追肥视土壤肥力和田间植株长势,可追è‚?/span><span>1--2</span><span>‹Æ¡ã€‚叶部生长旺盛期长势弱,可在定苗后,¾l“合‹¹‡æ°´äº©è¿½æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>10</span><span>公斤åQŒè‚‰è´¨æ ¹è†¨å¤§æœŸäº©˜q½æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>20</span><span>公斤åQŒé…æ–½ç¡«é…”R’¾</span><span>10</span><span>秒拍真空小视频公斤ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 35.<span>瓜类蔬菜怎样应用生物有机è‚?/span><span>                                                </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal">秒拍真空小视频 瓜类蔬菜包括黄瓜、南瓜、冬瓜、西葫芦、苦瓜等葫芦¿U‘中以采收嫩果或老熟果äؓ产品的一¾c»è”¬èœã€‚ç“œ¾c»è”¬èœäؓ蔓性植物,茎长可达数公ž®ºã€‚ç“œ¾c»è”¬èœçš„全生育期中,相当长的旉™—´ä¸ø™¥å…ȝ”Ÿé•¿å’Œç”Ÿæ®–生长òq¶è¿›çš„阶ŒDµï¼Œä»¥é»„ç“œäؓ典型åQŒå°¤å…¶åœ¨˜q›å…¥¾l“果期以后,其生长和¾l“果之间的矛盄¡ªå‡ºï¼Œå¿…须十分注意肥料的供应,以调节植株的生长和养分吸收分配间的åã^è¡¡ã€?</p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 瓜类蔬菜的育苗营å…ÕdœŸè¦æ±‚质地疏松åQŒé€æ°”性好åQŒå…»åˆ†å……­‘»I¼Œ</span>p<span>åQ¨å€¼åœ¨</span><span>5.5--7.2</span><span>范围内,配制æ–ÒŽ³•å‚照番茄的营å…ÕdœŸé…æ–¹ã€‚在营养土配制时åQŒåŠ å…¥è¥å…ÕdœŸæ€»é‡</span><span>2%--3%</span><span>的过¼‚·é…¸é’™ï¼Œå¯¹ä¿ƒ˜q›ç§§è‹—æ ¹¾pȝ”Ÿé•Ñ€åŸ¹è‚²å£®è‹—有明显的作用。采用苗床育苗,在播¿Uå‰æ•´åœ°æ—Óž¼ŒæŒ‰æ¯òqÏx–¹¾c³ç”¨</span><span>2</span><span>公斤生物有机肥的量均匀撒施åQŒæ–½åŽç¿»è€•æ’­¿Uã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 黄瓜根系扎得不深åQŒä¸»è¦åˆ†å¸ƒåœ¨</span>15<span>åQ?/span><span>25</span><span>厘米的耕层内,根系的耐盐性又较差åQŒä¸å®œä¸€‹Æ¡æ€§æ–½ç”¨å¤§é‡åŒ–肥,而黄瓜对氮磷钄¡­‰è¥å…»å…ƒç´ çš„需要量大,吸收速率快。因此,大量施用生物有机肥是黄瓜高äñ”栽培的基¼‹€åQŒä¸€èˆ¬äº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>250--300</span><span>公斤åQŒé…æ–½è¿‡¼‚·é…¸é’?/span><span>20--30</span><span>公斤、硫酔R’¾</span><span>20</span><span>公斤作基肥。根据黄瓜的根系分布特点和需肥规律,每次的追肥量不要˜q‡å¤§åQŒè¿½è‚¥çš„‹Æ¡æ•°è¦å¤šåQŒæŽŒæ¡å¥½</span><span>"</span><span>ž®‘吃多餐</span><span>"</span><span>的原则。在¾l“瓜初期˜q›è¡Œ‹Æ¡è¿½è‚¥ï¼Œäº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>20--40</span><span>公斤åQŒé…æ–½å°¿ç´?/span><span>3--5</span><span>公斤åQŒç¡«é…”R’¾</span><span>5--8</span><span>公斤。盛瓜初期进行第二次˜q½è‚¥åQŒåœ¨ç››ç“œæœŸæ¯‹Æ¡çš„˜q½è‚¥é—´éš”要羃短,¾l“合灌水˜q›è¡Œã€‚第三次以前的追肥相同,以后各次减半。在¾l“瓜盛期可以ç”?/span><span>0.5%</span><span>的尿素和</span><span>0.3%--0.5%</span><span>秒拍真空小视频的磷é…怺Œæ°¢é’¾æ°´æº¶æ¶²å¶é¢å–·æ–½ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 36.<span>生物有机肥如何在茄果¾c»è”¬èœä¸Šæ–½ç”¨</span><span>                                          </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal">秒拍真空小视频 茄果¾c»è”¬èœåŒ…括西¾U¢æŸ¿ã€èŒ„子和辣椒½{‰èŒ„¿U‘以采收果实ä¸ÞZñ”品的一¾c»è”¬èœï¼Œå±žå–œæ¸©è€è‚¥æ€§è”¬èœã€‚è¿™¾c»è”¬èœæ ¹¾pÕd‘达,吸肥力强åQŒå…¶ä¸­ä»¥èŒ„子的吸肥能力,辣椒‹Æ¡ä¹‹åQŒè¥¿¾U¢æŸ¿çš„耐肥力较低。茄果类蔬菜生长阶段性比较明显,可分ä¸ø™‹—期和开èŠÞq»“果期两个阶段åQŒè‹—期以营养生长ä¸ÞZ¸»åQŒåƈ完成èŠÞpŠ½åˆ†åŒ–åQŒè€Œå¼€èŠÞq»“果期与整个植株的生长发育及æ€ÖMñ”量有兟뀂茄果类蔬菜各阶ŒDµéœ€è‚¥ä¸åŒï¼Œæ–½è‚¥ä¸€èˆ¬åˆ†è‚²è‹—肥、移栽肥和追肥三¿Uã€‚茄果类蔬菜育苗æ–ÒŽ³•å’Œç”¨è‚¥é‡åŸºæœ¬ç›¸åŒåQŒä½†¿UÀL ½è‚¥å’Œ˜q½è‚¥ç•¥æœ‰å·®å¼‚ã€?</p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 培育壮苗是减ž®‘畸形果åQŒå¢žå¼ºæŠ—病性和获得高äñ”的基¼‹€ã€‚培育壮苗不仅需要肥沃疏杄¡š„床土åQŒè€Œä¸”˜q˜éœ€è¦åœŸå£¤ä¸­æœ‰ä¸°å¯Œçš„速效氮、磷、钾和其它养分,</span>pH<span>值在</span><span>6.0</span><span>åQ?/span><span>7.0</span><span>范围内。营å…ÕdœŸå¯æŒ‰æ²¡æœ‰¿Uè¿‡èŒ„æžœ¾cȝš„菜园åœ?/span><span>60%</span><span>、细æ²?/span><span>20%</span><span>、生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>20%</span><span>åQŒæ؜合均匀后,在每</span><span>100</span><span>公斤营养土中加过¼‚·é…¸é’?/span><span>3</span><span>公斤åQŒç¡«é…”R’¾</span><span>0.2</span><span>公斤。如果采用苗床育苗,一般每òqÏx–¹¾cŒ™‹—床土用生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>2</span><span>公斤åQŒæ’’施后¾l“合¾˜Õdœ°ä¸?/span><span>15</span><span>秒拍真空小视频厘米耕层内的土壤混合均匀后播¿Uã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 西红柿根¾Ÿ¤è¾ƒå‘è¾¾åQŒéœ€è‚¥é‡è¾ƒå¤§åQŒåº”选择土壤肥沃、保水、保肥力强的壤质土种植。整地翻耕前亩施生物有机è‚?/span>200--250<span>公斤åQŒè¿‡¼‚·é…¸é’?/span><span>40--50</span><span>公斤åQŒç¡«é…”R’¾</span><span>15</span><span>公斤。结果期西红柿对水肥要求较高。早熟品¿Uç”Ÿé•¿æœŸçŸ­ï¼Œå¯åœ¨èŠ±åºåº§æžœåŽï¼Œé›†ä¸­˜q½è‚¥</span><span>1</span><span>‹Æ¡ï¼Œäº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>40--50</span><span>公斤åQŒä¸€èˆ¬åœ¨æ¤æ ªçš„行间开‹¹…沟施入åQŒå†åŠ åœŸè¦†ç›–。中、晚熟品¿Uåœ¨½I—果膨大期亩施生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>40</span><span>公斤åQŒç»“合追肥浇水一‹Æ¡ã€‚以后第二、第三、第四层果结实期åQŒä¾‹Æ¡äº©˜q½å°¿ç´?/span><span>8--10</span><span>公斤åQŒæ–½è‚¥åŽ‹¹‡æ°´ã€‚进入盛果期选晴天的下午ç”?/span><span>0.4%</span><span>秒拍真空小视频的磷é…怺Œæ°¢é’¾å‰™¢å–äh–½ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 37.<span>西甜瓜如何应用生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>                                                  </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 西甜瓜是喜温、耐热、怕低温、遇霜即æ­Èš„作物。西甜瓜施肥分三个时期进行,一是育苗期åQŒäºŒæ˜¯ç§»æ ½æœŸåQŒä¸‰æ˜¯æžœå®žè†¨å¤§æœŸåQŒä¸åŒé˜¶ŒDµéœ€è‚¥ç‰¹ç‚¹å’Œæ•°é‡å·®å¼‚较大。西甜瓜根系有明昄¡š„好气性,耕层深厚的砂质壤土是栽培西甜瓜的合适土壤ã€?</p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 西甜瓜育苗营å…ÕdœŸçš„配åˆÓž¼ŒæŒ‰ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span>1<span>份、熟化肥沃的菜园åœ?/span><span>7</span><span>份、细æ²?/span><span>2</span><span>份æ؜合均匀åQ?/span><span>100</span><span>公斤育苗土再æ·ÕdŠ ¼‹«é…¸é“?/span><span>0.5</span><span>公斤、过¼‚·é…¸é’?/span><span>1</span><span>公斤、硫酔R’¾</span><span>1</span><span>秒拍真空小视频公斤åQŒæ·»åŠ çš„速效å…Õdˆ†ä¸Žè‚²è‹—土混合均匀åQŒä»¥å…å±€éƒ¨å‡ºçŽ°å…»åˆ†æµ“度过高,抑制òqÆD‹—生长ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> ¿Uæ¤è¥¿ç”œç“œçš„地块应在头年冬前˜q›è¡Œè€•ç¿»åQŒç§»æ ½å‰</span>20--30<span>天再æ·Þq¿»ä¸€‹Æ¡ï¼ŒæŒ–沟施肥åQŒä¸€èˆ¬äº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>200--300</span><span>公斤åQŒé…æ–?/span><span>10--15</span><span>公斤ž®¿ç´ ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 西甜瓜需肥量大,˜q½è‚¥çš„基本原则是åQšè½»æ–½è‹—肥,先促后控巧施伸蔓肥,坐住òq¼æžœåŽé‡æ–½è†¨ç“œè‚¥åQŒèŒ¬ç“œé‡‡æ”¶åŽé€Ÿæ–½å¤å£®è‚¥ã€‚苗期可æ ÒŽ®òqÆD‹—长势酌施速效氮肥。方法是在离òqÆD‹—基部</span>10<span>厘米处,用木‹‚æ…一直径</span><span>2--3</span><span>厘米、深</span><span>10</span><span>厘米左右的洞åQŒæ–½å…¥è‚¥æ–™åŽç‚ÒŽ°´ç›–上åQŒæˆ–ž®†è‚¥æ–™æº¶å…¥æ°´ä¸­ç©´çŒï¼Œå¾…水渗下后再ž®ä¸Šã€‚äŽ×蔓期要重施一‹Æ¡å‚¬è”“è‚¥åQŒä»¥ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚¥äؓ主,配施适量的速效化肥。具体做法是åQšå¼€å§?/span><span>'</span><span>甩龙å¤?/span><span>'</span><span>æ—Óž¼Œåœ¨åœ°è†œä¸€ä¾§ï¼Œè·æ ¹éƒ?/span><span>20</span><span>厘米处开一宽、深å?/span><span>10</span><span>厘米的沟åQŒäº©æ–½å…¥ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span><span>50--80</span><span>公斤åQŒé…æ–½å°¿ç´?/span><span>5--7</span><span>公斤åQŒè¿‡¼‚·é…¸é’?/span><span>10--15</span><span>公斤åQŒæ–½å®ŒåŽç”¨åœŸç›–好。äŽ×蔓后期一般不再追肥,以免植株生长˜q‡æ—ºè€Œåª„响坐果。幼果鸡蛋大ž®æ—¶åQŒæ—¢˜q›å…¥è†¨ç“œæœŸï¼Œæ­¤æ—¶æ˜¯è¥¿ç“œä¸€ç”Ÿéœ€è‚¥é‡å¤§çš„时期åQŒä¸€èˆ¬äº©æ–½ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥</span><span>80--100</span><span>公斤åQŒé…æ–½å°¿ç´?/span><span>10--15</span><span>公斤、硫酔R’¾</span><span>10--15</span><span>公斤ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 38<span>åQŽèŠ±å‰åŸºåœ°å¦‚何应用生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>                                                 </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>花卉基地施肥可分为基肥和˜q½è‚¥ä¸¤å¤§¾c…R€‚基地花卉种植常以有æœø™‚¥æ–™ä½œåŸø™‚¥åQŒè¿™å¯ÒŽ”¹è‰¯åœŸå£¤ç†åŒ–性状有重要作用。改用生物有æœø™‚¥å¯ä»¥é¿å…å †è‚¥æˆ–厩肥等有机肥料未经腐熟而对花卉造成的损実뀂生物有æœø™‚¥å¤šåœ¨æ•´åœ°å‰ç¿»å…¥åœŸä¸­ï¼Œäº©ç”¨é‡äؓ</span>150--200<span>公斤åQŒå¯¹ä¸åŒçš„花卉可采用撒施或沟施的æ–ÒŽ³•æ¥æ–½è‚¥ã€‚追肥则要根据花卉种¾cȝš„不同åQŒé€‰ç”¨é€‚宜的方法。一、二òq´ç”ŸèŠ±å‰åœ¨å¹¼è‹—时期的˜q½è‚¥åQŒä¸»è¦ç›®çš„是促进其茎叶生长,在追施生物有æœø™‚¥çš„同æ—Óž¼Œé€‚当配施ž®‘量的æÛ肥,满èƒö花卉生长的需要,以后生长期间可适当˜q½è‚¥å‡ æ¬¡ã€‚多òq´ç”ŸèŠ±å‰˜q½è‚¥‹Æ¡æ•°è¾ƒå°‘åQŒä¸€èˆ¬è¿½è‚?/span><span>3--4</span><span>‹Æ¡ï¼Œ‹Æ¡åœ¨æ˜¥å­£å¼€å§‹ç”Ÿé•¿åŽåQŒç¬¬äºŒæ¬¡åœ¨å¼€èŠ±å‰åQŒç¬¬ä¸‰æ¬¡åœ¨å¼€èŠ±åŽåQŒç¬¬å››æ¬¡åœ¨ç§‹å­£æž¯å¶åŽã€‚追肥的æ–ÒŽ³•ä¾æ®æ¤æ ªç”Ÿé•¿æƒ…况而定。植株较大,施用生物有机肥可采用沟施或穴施,施肥点要距植株较˜qœï¼Œæ¤æ ªè¾ƒå°åº”在距离植株</span><span>10</span><span>厘米左右沟施。花卉选用生物有机肥作˜q½è‚¥åQŒæ¯‹Æ¡äº©ç”¨é‡¾U?/span><span>50 </span><span>秒拍真空小视频公斤åQŒåƈ要根据植物生长情å†ëŠ›¸åº”增减ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 39<span>åQŽç›†æ ½èŠ±å‰å¦‚何正¼‹®ä‹É用生物有æœø™‚¥</span><span>                                            </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>盆栽花卉施肥可分为换盆基施和日常˜q½æ–½ã€‚盆栽花卉一般每éš?/span>1--2<span>òq´å°±è¦æ¢ç›†ä¸€‹Æ¡ï¼Œç›†åœŸå¤šè¦æ±‚疏松、肥沃,排水良好。在换盆旉™€‰ç”¨åŠ æœ‰ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚¥çš„营养土,ä¸ø™Š±å‰ç”Ÿé•¿æä¾›å……­‘³çš„å…Õdˆ†å’Œç”Ÿé•¿ç©ºé—´ã€‚换盆后</span><span>30</span><span>天内不用施用ä»ÖM½•è‚¥æ–™åQŒç¡®ä¿èŠ±å‰æ­£å¸¸ç¼“苗生é•Ñ€‚缓苗后可每月施一‹Æ¡ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœø™‚¥åQŒè‚¥æ–™åŸ‹æ–½æˆ–撒施后松土,使盆土与肥料混合均匀åQŒç»†å¼Þqš„花卉应避免肥料与根茎接触åQŒç„¶åŽæµ‡é€æ°´ã€‚施肥量可根据植株长势及天气情况调整åQŒå¦‚阴天叶薄而呈‹¹…绿è‰ÔŒ¼Œæ–½è‚¥é‡å¯é€‚当大一些,天热叶厚又呈‹¹“绿è‰ÔŒ¼Œæ–½è‚¥é‡å¯ž®äº›ã€‚通常用量依花盆大ž®è€Œå¢žå‡ï¼Œä¸€èˆ?/span><span>8</span><span>寸盆每次施用生物有机肥约</span><span>25</span><span>克。也可以按生物有æœø™‚¥ä¸Žæ°´</span><span>1</span><span>åQ?/span><span>10</span><span>的比例稀释后‹¹‡æ–½åQŒæˆ–上清液叶面喷施ã€?/span><span>  </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 40.<span>草坪怎样使用生物有机肥效果更å¥?/span><span>                                            </span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 保持草坪叶色¾ŸŽè§‚åQŒç”Ÿé•¿èŒ‚而不˜q‡ï¼Œå¿…é¡»¾l™äºˆ­‘›_¤Ÿçš„肥料。草坪施肥一般选用有机肥料和化学肥料。有æœø™‚¥æ–™ä»¥å †è‚¥åŠåŽ©è‚¥è¾ƒä¸ºå¸¸è§ï¼Œå¦‚鸡¾_ªã€é©¬¾_ªç­‰åQŒé€šå¸¸äºŽæ—©æ˜¥åŠ¿U‹å­£æ–½ç”¨ã€‚堆肥和厩肥可增加草坪土壤腐ŒD–è´¨åQŒä½†å¸¸æ؜入杂草种子和各种病虫宻I¼ŒåŽæœŸåˆæœ‰è‡­å‘³æ•£å‡ºåQŒæœ‰¼„å«ç”Ÿå’Œè§‚瞻。草坪施肥采用生物有æœø™‚¥åˆ™å¯ä»¥é¿å…å‡ºçŽ°å †è‚¥æˆ–厩肥所出现的问题ã€?</p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span> 草坪施用生物有机肥要取得的效果,应针对不同的时期选用不同的方法。新å»ø™‰åªï¼Œåœ¨æ’­¿Uæˆ–é“ø™‰çš®å‰åQŒç»“合整地将生物有机肥撒施,每åã^方米¾U¦æ–½</span>1 <span>公斤åQŒæ–½è‚¥åŽä½¿è‚¥æ–™ä¸ŽåœŸå£¤æ··åˆåQŒç›´æŽ¥æ’­¿Uæˆ–é“ø™®¾è‰çš®ã€‚原å»ø™‰åªåœ¨æ˜¥ç§‹å¯é€‰ç”¨ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚¥è¿½è‚¥ï¼Œäº©è‰åªå¯æ’’æ–½</span><span>150--200 </span><span>公斤åQŒæ–½è‚¥åŽ‹¹‡æ°´åQŒèƒ½å¤Ÿä¿ƒ˜q›è‚¥æ•ˆçš„发挥。在原徏草坪春季施肥æ—Óž¼Œé€‚当配施ž®‘量化学肥料效果会更好ã€?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> 41. <span>如何用生物有æœø™‚¥åˆ¶ä½œè‚²è‹—åœ?/span> </p> <p class="MsoNormal">   </p> <p class="MsoNormal"> <span>许多作物的栽培分育苗期和大田栽培期两个阶ŒDüc€‚育苗期主要是作物根¾pȝ”Ÿé•¿å’ŒåŸ¹è‚²å£®è‹—åQŒéœ€è‚¥é‡ä¸å¤§åQŒä½†è¦å‡åŒ€åQŒä¸èƒ½æœ‰å¤ªé«˜çš„速效å…Õdˆ†åQŒå¦åˆ™å°±ä¼šäñ”生烧根烧苗现象。幼苗生长所需要的å…Õdˆ†ä¸»è¦é€šè¿‡è‚²è‹—的床土和åŸø™´¨æ¥ä¾›åº”。床土或其它育苗用基质要求疏松、肥沃、透气性与保水保肥性能强。制作育苗土åQŒç”¨ç”Ÿç‰©æœ‰æœºè‚?/span>1<span>份,与熟化肥沃的菜园åœ?/span><span>10</span><span>份æ؜合均匀åQŒè¿‡½{›ï¼Œòq¶åŠ å…¥é€‚量的æÛ¼‚·é’¾é€Ÿæ•ˆå…Õdˆ†ã€‚速效å…Õdˆ†çš„添加量控制在育苗土中速效æ°?/span><span>150--300</span><span>毫克</span><span>/</span><span>公斤åQŒäº”氧化二磷</span><span>200--500</span><span>毫克</span><span>/</span><span>公斤åQŒæ°§åŒ–é’¾</span><span>400--600</span><span>毫克</span><span>/</span><span>公斤。育苗土中添加化肥的量可æ ÒŽ®å…¶æœ‰æ•ˆå…»åˆ†å«é‡æŽ¨½Ž—,一èˆ?/span><span>100</span><span>公斤育苗土添加硫酔R“µ</span><span>0.5</span><span>公斤åQŒè¿‡¼‚·é…¸é’?/span><span>1</span><span>公斤åQŒç¡«é…”R’¾</span><span>1</span><span>公斤åQŒæ·»åŠ çš„速效å…Õdˆ†è¦ä¸Žè‚²è‹—土æ؜合均匀åQŒä»¥å…å±€éƒ¨å‡ºçŽ°å…»åˆ†æµ“度过高,抑制òqÆD‹—的生é•Ñ€?/span> </p></p></div> <p><div>上一æ?<a 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